AP Human Geography Chapter 9: Development
|What is the definition of Development?||The process of improving the material conditions of people through the diffusion of knowledge and technology|
|What are the two categories that countries fall into regarding development?||MDCs – More developed countries|
LDCs – Less developed countries
|How is a country’s level of development determined?||By The Human Development Index (HDI)|
|What are the four factors in the Human Development Index?||Economic:|
(1) gross domestic product (GDP) per capita
(3) amount of education
(4) life expectancy
|What is the range of possible HDIs? What is the country with the highest HDI as of 2009? Lowest?||Ranges from 0 to 1.|
The highest possible HDI is 1.00 (100%).
Norway holds the highest HDI with 0.971.
Niger holds the lowest HDI with 0.340.
|Where are the countries with high HDIs primarily located? Latitude Line? What are the exceptions?||Primarily above 30 degrees N latitude. Exception: Austrailia|
|What is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?||GDP is the value of the total output of goods and services produced in a country.|
It is the main economic indicator of development.
|How do you calculate GDP per capita?||GDP divided by population|
|What is the average GDP per capita in MDCs vs LDCs?||GDP per capita in MDCs exceeded $30,000.|
GDP per capita in LDCs was less than $3,000.
|Why is GDP not a very good indicator of the distribution of wealth in a country?||It is only an average.|
|GDP per capita is _____ between MDCs and LDCs.|
What does this mean?
|Widening. This means MDCs are getting richer while LDCs are getting poorer overall.|
|In addition to GDP, what are three other indicators useful in determining if a country is an LDC or MDC?||Types of jobs, Productivity, and Consumer goods|
|What are the 3 sectors in the Types of Jobs category, and what types of jobs do these sectors include?||Primary sector – workers extract materials from the Earth, agriculture, mining|
Secondary sector – manufacturing, processing raw materials into a product
Tertiary sector – provision of goods or services for payment, retail, banking, law, education, government
|How is productivity measured?||Measured by the value added per capita – which is the gross value of a product minus the costs of raw materials and energy.|
|What are consumer goods in MDCs vs LDCs?||In LDCs, consumer goods such as telephones, televisions, and motor vehicles are familiar to many people but owned by relatively few.|
In MDCs, these items are owned by almost all people.
|What are the 2 Social Indicators of Development?||Education and Literacy & Health and Welfare|