Ap Human Geography Unit 1 Vocab

Ap Human Geography Unit 1 Vocabulary

CartographyThe science of making maps
ConnectionsRelationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Cultural EcologyGeographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
Cultural landscapethe visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
Culturethe attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
Densitythe spatial property of being crowded together
Arithmetic DensityThe total number of people divided by the total land area.
Agricultural DensityThe ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Physiological DensityThe number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Diffusionthe process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Contagious DiffusionThe rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Expansion DiffusionThe spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
Hierarchical DiffusionThe spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
Relocation DiffusionThe spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Distance DecayThe diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Friction of Distancethe increase in time and cost that usually comes with increasing distance
Distributionthe act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
Environmental determination19th-20th century ideology that the physical environment caused human activities
Equatoran imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles
GISA computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
GPSa navigational system involving satellites and computers that can determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by computing the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver
Globalizationgrowth to a global or worldwide scale
Hearththe region from which innovative ideas originate
International date lineAn arc that for the most part follows 180° longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross the International Date Line heading east (toward America), the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day. When you go west (toward Asia), the calendar moves ahead one day.
Latitudean imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
Longitudean imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator
Mercator projectiona map projection of the earth onto a cylinder
Placea specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character
PossibilismThe theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Prime Meridianmeridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England)
Projectionthe system used to transfer locations from earth’s surface to a flat map
Regiona large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth
Formal RegionAn area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Regiona region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
Vernacular RegionA place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Remote sensingThe acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Robinson projectionProjection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does not maintain completely accurate area, shape, distance, or direction, but it minimizes errors in each.
Scalethe ratio between the size of something and a representation of it
Sequent occupancethe notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Sitephysical position in relation to the surroundings
Situationphysical position in relation to the surroundings
Spacethe unlimited expanse in which everything is located
Space-time compressionthe reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
Spatial perspectiveobserving variations in geographic phenomena across space
Stimulus diffusionThe spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
Time zonesone of the 24 regions or divisions of the globe approximately coinciding with meridians at successive hours from the observatory at Greenwich, England.
Toponymthe name by which a geographical place is known
uneven developmentThe increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.