During The 1920s And 1930s, Interest In Pursuing An Isolationist Foreign Policy

APUSH CH 25

The secretary of state of the Harding administration wasCharles Evans Hughes.
During the Harding administration, the United Statesproposed a dramatic reduction in the fleets of the United States, Britain, and Japan.
The Washington Conference of 1921attempted to prevent a global naval arms race.
The Five-Power Pact of 1922 dealt witharmament limitations
All of the following nations were signatories to the Five-Power Pact of 1922 EXCEPTRussia
The Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928was signed with wide international acclaim.
The Dawes Plan of 1924All these answers are correct.
In his foreign policy for Latin America, President Herbert Hooverrepudiated the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
As part of his foreign policy, President Herbert Hoover moved to withdraw American troops fromHaiti
In 1929, a fascist-led government was in power inItaly
Which of the following statements about the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany is FALSE?Upon coming to power in 1933, Hitler called his new government “the Weimar Republic.”
n 1932, the Hoover administration, in response to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria,issued warnings to the Japanese government.
President Franklin Roosevelt’s sharpest foreign policy break with Herbert Hoover concernedEurope
In what became known as the 1933 “bombshell” message, Franklin Roosevelt declared thatAmerica would reject any international agreement on currency stabilization.
In the 1930s, President Franklin Roosevelt carried out international policies thatestablished diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.
In 1934, U.S.-Soviet relations soured in part because the United States demonstrated little interest in stopping the expansion ofJapan.
President Franklin Roosevelt’s “Good Neighbor Policy”expanded initiatives begun under Herbert Hoover.
During the 1920s and 1930s, interest in pursuing an isolationist foreign policyseemed to grow in the U.S. as it became apparent that Italy would invade Ethiopia.
The Neutrality Act of 1935included a mandatory arms embargo of both sides during any military conflict.
The Neutrality Act of 1937allowed warring nations to purchase nonmilitary goods in the United States if they paid cash.
In 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt’s “quarantine” speechreceived a decidedly hostile response by the American people.
In response to the breakout of the civil war in Spain, the U.S. government joined with Britain and France in an agreement tooffer no help to either side.
In 1938, Anschlusswas proclaimed by Hitler.
The Munich Conference of 1938 was precipitated by a crisis overCzechoslovakia.
The Munich agreement of 1938was supported by President Franklin Roosevelt.
Germany began World War II in Europe days aftera nonaggression pact was signed between Germany and Russia.
Following the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939, President Franklin Rooseveltdeclared the United States would remain neutral.
By the middle of 1940, Germany had defeatedAll these answers are correct.
The American ambassador to London who insisted in 1940 that the British plight was already hopeless wasJoseph Kennedy.
President Franklin Roosevelt’s decision in 1940 to give fifty American destroyers to Englandcircumvented the cash-and-carry provision of the Neutrality Acts.
In July 1940, opinion polls showed the clear majority of the American publicbelieved Germany posed a direct threat to the United States.
The Burke-Wadsworth Act of 1940approved the first peacetime draft in American history.
The America First Committeewas a powerful lobby against U.S. involvement in the war.
In the election of 1940, Franklin Rooseveltselected Henry Wallace as his new running mate.
In 1940, the “lend-lease” planallowed the U.S. to loan weapons to England, to be returned or paid for when the war was over.
By September 1941,the United States extended lend-lease privileges to the Soviet Union.
The German sinking of the American ship Reuben JamesAll these answers are correct.
In 1941, the Atlantic Chartersaw the United States and England claim to share common principles.
The Tripartite Pact was a defensive alliance amongJapan, Germany, and Italy.
In 1941, prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor,President Franklin Roosevelt froze all Japanese assets in the United States.
Which of the following statements regarding the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor is FALSE?The State Department assumed the Japanese would never attack American interests.
In 1941, Germany’s declaration of war against the United Statesoccurred before the United States declared war on Germany.
The United States failed to join the League of Nations.True
During the 1920s, the United States played a more active role in global politics than it ever had in its history.True
In 1921, Charles Evans Hughes feared an arms race would develop on the world’s oceans.True
The Kellogg-Briand Pact declared war illegal.True
During the 1920s, U.S. banks and corporations were becoming deeply embedded in the daily economic life of Europe.True
Under the Dawes Plan, the United States lent money to European countries to repay war debts owed to the United States.True
President Hoover upheld the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.False
The Hoover administration imposed economic sanctions against Japan for its takeover of Manchuria in the early 1930s.False
The Good Neighbor Policy of the Roosevelt administration expanded on earlier changes in foreign policy made by the Hoover administration.True
The Neutrality Acts of the mid-1930s established the U.S. right to use military action to defend any violation of its neutrality.False
The American preference for neutrality increased in popularity in October 1935 when Mussolini finally launched his anticipated attack on Ethiopia.True
President Franklin Roosevelt made his “quarantine” speech in an effort to block Hitler’s takeover of Austria.False
At the time of its announcement, President Roosevelt approved of the Munich agreement.True
Stalin’s nonaggression pact with Hitler was signed before the start of World War II in Europe.True
Like Woodrow Wilson before him, President Roosevelt asked the American people to be neutral in thought when war erupted in Europe in 1939.False
President Roosevelt’s first response to the war in Europe was to request that Congress extend lend-lease to the Allies.False
By 1940 the American ambassador to Great Britain, Joseph Kennedy, thought that the British cause was hopeless.True
President Roosevelt’s decision to give American destroyers to Great Britain was consistent with the “cash-and-carry” provisions of the Neutrality Acts.False
By the time President Roosevelt ran for a third term, a significant majority of the American people believed that Nazi Germany posed a direct military threat to the United States.True
On foreign policy matters, President Roosevelt and his Republican challenger, Wendell Willkie, were in essential agreement.True
Lend-lease to Great Britain led directly to an American decision to escort convoys of goods across parts of the Atlantic Ocean.True
President Roosevelt responded to the Nazi invasion of Russia by extending lend-lease to Russia.True
President Roosevelt’s August 1941 meeting with Winston Churchill off the coast of Newfoundland led to a private commitment to use the American military in the war against Hitler.False
The Roosevelt administration refused to issue economic sanctions against Japan prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor.False
Prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States knew that a Japanese attack was imminent, but it did not know where the attack would take place.True
In December of 1941, Germany declared war on the United States before the United States declared war on Germany.True