How To Conclude Your Essay

how to write a conclusion

The concluding paragraph is a crucial part of your essay. You need to make it as reliable and effective as possible to leave your readers with a good impression of your paper. The conclusion should in some way recap all the main points of your work using different wording. This piece describes the essential things that you need to do when writing your conclusion.

Role of Conclusion in Your Essay

A conclusion restates the main points of a paper. It prompts the readers of the validity of the central ideas and recaps the critical evidence supporting these ideas.

What Must Be Mentioned in Conclusion?

A reasonable conclusion should emphasize the significance of the thesis statement. It should mention the thesis statement, the primary arguments and the evidence verifying these arguments. It should also provide a feel of completeness in addition to giving the readers the concluding impression.

How to Conclude Your Essay Properly

Show Your Reader Why Your Work Is Important

Your conclusion should explain to your readers why you think the paper is essential. Find a way to show them that the work is momentous and useful.

Avoid Using “in Sum,” “in Conclusion” and the Like

Starting the conclusion with “in sum” and other similar phrases appears clumsy, and ingenious. Instead, the concluding paragraphs should lead naturally from the last body paragraph. Keep in mind that even journal articles do not use such phrases.

Do not Introduce New Ideas

There is a difference between advancing your analysis and adding further information. You should not bring in new points or criticism. The conclusion should include your words on top of the things that you have discussed, but not new ideas.

In short, you should advance your analysis. While the concluding paragraph should restate what you have discussed, it should also deepen this to bring on some more profound deductions. Remember to consider all the factors that have influenced every aspect of the main points of your essay in addition to the limitations of the main argument.

Avoid Repetition

Providing a repetition of the points discussed in earlier paragraphs makes the concluding paragraph boring. Remember that your readers have already read the paper. You, therefore, need to synthesize the information instead of providing a summary. Restate your arguments and support them in a manner that helps the reader to recall them.

The conclusion should also link the whole paper to the thesis statement. Link all the main ideas and highlight any information that directly relates to the main argument, and show your reader that the evidence you have used for the discussions is valid and reliable. In so doing, you will appear stronger than you were in the introductory paragraph. You will reaffirm the argument to add weight instead of just writing to fill space.

Use Specific Information

You should not end the conclusion with information that is too general. Instead, use a strong statement as the final sentence of the concluding paragraph. For instance, you can end it with an emphasis on drafting a statement that sums up the spirit of the things that you have discussed.

Redirect the Reader

Provide the reader with something to keep him thinking. For instance, you can make them know how the work can be useful in the real world. Remember that the introduction goes typically general while the conclusion has specific information; hence it is vital to reason globally.

Also, creating a new meaning is important, but this does not mean that you will introduce new ideas. You need to illustrate how your points relate to establishing a new picture.

How to Conclude Your Essay Poorly

Here are some aspects of a poorly ended essay.

A Repeat of the Introduction

Some students copy the information in the introduction and paste it to the conclusion. Others paraphrase the points in the starting paragraph and make it the conclusion paragraph. Doing this would mean that there is no need for the concluding paragraph in the first place.

Repeating the same information over and over again does not add any value to your paper. It shows that you do not understand the role that a conclusion plays in an essay.

Mere Summary of the Main Points

Another mistake that students make is to think that the conclusion paragraph is just a recap. Some of them conclude the paper by writing a summary of the arguments in the body paragraphs. This type of review can be useful in longer essays that have several complex cases. However, as with repeating the introductory paragraph, writing to fill the word count is redundant and does not meet the role of the conclusion paragraph.

Introducing New Content

Some students forget that conclusion is not a place to add new arguments. The concluding paragraph should be a reflection of the points that are in the body paragraphs and not a place to make new ones.


Example of Perfect Conclusion about the Causes of Global Warming

The majority of scientists say that global warming is the result of increasing levels of greenhouse gases. Whereas some may claim that factories are the primary reason for global warming, and others may argue that it is the modern methods of transportation, the primary cause is apparent: human activities.

Example of Good Conclusion About the Main Aspects of a Concluding Paragraph of an Essay

Writing a conclusion for an essay is pretty easy if you know the structure. It has three key aspects: a transition from one paragraph to the next, a recap of the thesis statement and the primary arguments of the paper, and a concluding sentence that wraps up the essay. If you know this simple framework, you will find essay writing very interesting.

Example of a Terrible Conclusion about the causes of Global Warming

In sum, there are many causes of global warming.  Some of them include greenhouse gases, emission from factories, emissions from transportation, and so on. Scientists are also in agreement that greenhouse gases, factory emissions, and modern transportation methods cause global warming. They also say that it is clear that humanity causes global warming.