Learning That Occurs But Is Not Immediately Reflected In A Behavior Change Is Called

Chapter 5 study guide

Changes controlled by a genetic blueprint, such as an increase in height or the size of the brainare examples of maturation
Pavlov placed food in the mouths of dogs, and they began to salivate. The food acted as anunconditioned stimulus
A white rat was the conditioned stimulus (CS) in the case ofLittle Albert
Thorndike was known for his work with apuzzle box
A reinforcer will make the target response more likely to occur again regardless of whether it is apositive or negative reinforcer
Punishment has occurred when there is a decrease in the likelihood or rate of atarget response
For every 5 times that you go to the gym each week, you reward yourself with a treat. This best illustratesfixed ratio
Learning that occurs but is not immediately reflected in a behavior change is calledlatent learning
Cheryl is trying to teach her son to do the laundry by having him watch her. According to observational learning theory, to be effective, her son must bemotivated to learn how to do the laundry
Learning to make a reflex response to a stimulus other than to the original, natural stimulus is calledclassical conditioning.
The tendency to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus is calledstimulus generalization.
Rescorla’s modern conceptualization of classical conditioning is based on the idea that the CS has to provideinformation about the coming of the UCS.
A Skinner box is most likely to be used in research onoperant conditioning
Al must build 25 radios before he receives $20. A fixed-ratio schedule ofreinforcement is being used
An example of a discriminative stimulus might be astop sign
Neurofeedback, a newer type of biofeedback, involves trying to changebrain wave activity
College students faced with unsolvable problems eventually give up and make only half hearted attempts to solve new problems, even when the new problems can be solved easily. This behavior is probably due tolearned helplessness
Observational learning theory’s foremostproponent is Bandura
Learning that takes place without actual performance (a kind of latent learning) is called thelearning/performance distinction
The abbreviation UCS stands forunconditioned stimulus
Learning is said to be a relatively permanent change in behavior because it is thought that when learning occurs, some part of thebrain physically changes
The statement “It involves the process of shaping” is true aboutbehavior modification
The spread of conditioning to stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus is calledgeneralization
A school issues tokens to the children for good behavior. This issue of a token is an example ofbehavior modification