Metal Fabrication Plants Are An Example Of A Bulk-Gaining Industry Because

AP HG Chapter 11

The cottage industry system involved manufacturingin the home
In the 1700s, water pollution increased significantly when the chemical industry began to contribute to the textile industry through methods ofbleaching and dyeing
An analysis of this map of Europe indicates that railwayswere built in northern England before they appeared in southern England
Given the earlier history of the chemical industry, we can hypothesize that its 20th-century contributions to the textile industry began to includethe creation of synthetic fabrics
The Industrial Revolution began in (where?)Great Britain
The Industrial Revolution began in (when?)the later 1700s
Prior to the Industrial Revolution, industry was geographicallydispersed
The most important transportation improvement in the eighteenth century was thecanal
Approximately three-fourths of the world’s industrial production is concentrated in three regions, including which on the following?Eastern North America and Northwestern Europe
Outside of the three world regions where industry is concentrated, the next two largest industrial producing countries areBrazil and India
The map of North America’s industrial areas show thatmuch of the region’s industry is concentrated around or near the Great Lakes
Western Europe’s principal industrial areas include all but which of the following?Portugal and western Spain
The map of East Asia’s industrial areas indicates that the region’s chief manufacturing bases includeparts of southeastern China
The main source of power for steam engines and blast ovens is produced fromcoal
What mining region has the most varied mineral deposits of the world, with over 1,000 minerals?the Ural mountains
The only step of the copper production process that is not significantly bulk-reducing isrefining
The step of the copper production process that involves the crushing and grinding of particles isconcentration
The world’s chief source for copper isChile
A copper concentration mill tends to locate near a copper mine because it is abulk-reducing industry
An analysis of this map of the copper industry in the United States indicates thatmore copper is minded in Utah, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and Montana
Metal fabrication plants are an example of a bulk-gaining industry becauseseparate parts are combined to make more complex and massive products.
Situation costs are critical to a firm that wish tominimize transport
Producers of automobiles select assembly plant locations primarily for their closer access tomarkets for finished automobiles
Beer bottling is an example of abulk-gaining industry
Fabricated metal production is an example ofbulk-gaining industry
Eastern North America became the continent’s manufacturing center in part because it had access to the continent’slargest markets
The Chicago area became a significant asset for the Western Great Lakes region owing to its steel industries and itsaccess to the nation’s transportation network.
The shift in steel production locations in the United States from the mid-nineteenth century-until the mid-twentieth century can best be described asstarting in the Pittsburgh area and then migrating towards the Midwest before ending up on the East and west coasts as well as the Chicago area.
In addition to the integrated mills, about one-fourth of U.S. steel production is now attributed tominimills which utilize scrap metal in many U.S locations
Because the motor vehicle assembly is typically described as a bulk-gaining industry as well as a just-in-time delivery system, the most important factor when selecting a location for a new Toyota or Honda assembly plant in the United States wasminimizing the cost of shipping finished vehicles to it its consumers
Cities in India have a competitive advantage over cities in China as locations for international consumer services, such as call centers and bill processing. This advantage has its origins in which of the following?The English language legacy of British colonialism in India.
If a manufacturing company uses a single, weight-losing raw material to manufacture its finished product, then most likley the company willlocate its manufacturing plant at the raw material site.
Which of the following best describes Alfred Weber’s analysis of location decisions?It seeks to minimize costs among multiple inputs of production.
Many companies moved their operations from New England and the Midwest to locations in the South becausethe South had less expensive site factors than northern regions.
New U.S. automobile assembly plants have been built primarily in theMidwest and South, to minimize national distribution costs and reduce labor competition.
The U.S. steel industry moved westward in the nineteenth century primarily because of better access toiron ore
Minimills are more likely than integrated steel mills to select locations because of access tomarkets
A company which uses more than one _______ will often locate near break-of-bulk pointsmade of transport
In order to become a global industrial power, Japan had to overcome which of the following problems?distance from consumers
As indicated on this map of automobile assembly plants, in an effort to reduce labor competition and thus keep wages lower, there are onlythree plants in Tennessee, one in South Carolina, two in Mississippi, and three in Illinois.
Although transportation costs rise because breaks in transportation, we can surmise that over very long distances the lowest-cost form of transporting goods is byship.
As indicated on the map of minimill facilities in the U.S.Nucor has operations in at least 20 different states
According to these charts, the U.S share of global steel productiondecreased from 16 percent in 1980 to 6 percent in 2010
Although many factors laborers in MDCs are paid $_____ per hour, factory laborers in LDCs may be paid less than $_____ per hour.35; 1
According to this map of cotton yarn production, after China, India, and Pakistan the world leaders in yarn production includeArgentina, the United States, Turkey, Kazakhstan, and Russia
As a country’s per capita income increases, its per capita carbon dioxide emissionsalso increase
The average temperature of Earth’s surface has increased by about1 celsius degree
According to this graph, carbon dioxide emissions were approximately 300 PPMin the year 1990 and 375 PPM in the year 2000
Compared to other industries, aluminum manufacturers are more likely to locate near sources oflow-cost hydroelectricity
The Tennessee Valley Authority broughtelectricity to much of the rural South in the 1930s.
Despite the risks to the environment, the U.S Gulf Coast has become an important industrial area because ofaccess to oil and natural gas fields.
In Western Europe, _____ has experienced the most rapid manufacturing growth since the late twentieth century, especially after joining the European UnionSpain
Both Europe and the United States have seen interregional shifts of manufacturing but one difference isIn Europe, government policies have encouraged relocation
Twenty-three U.S states have so-called “right-to-work” laws thatcauses great deal of trouble for labor unions attempting to organize workers and bargain with employers.
An analysis of these maps showing changes in U.S manufacturing from 1950 to 2010 indicates that (picture of U.S)the number of manufacturing jobs increased in California and Colorado, which are not “right-to-work” states.
An analysis of these maps showing changes in U.S. manufacturing from 1950 to 2010 indicates that (no picture shown)the number of manufacturing jobs decreased markedly in Ohio, Michigan, New York, and Pennsylvania
Mexico’s maquiladora plantshave an advantage of proximity to U.S markets
Mexico’s maquiladora plantsmay be taking advantage of lax environmental enforcement.
Maintaining control over all phases of a highly complex production process, as opposed to outsourcing, is known asvertical integration
The new interventional division of labor reflects the growing importance ofoutsourcing
Thus chart regarding U.S-made clothing indicates that the percentage of U.S made blouses and skirts being solddecreased from about 32 percent in 2000 to about 3 percent in 2010
The chart on manufacturing value as a percentage of GDP indicates that the share of manufacturing n developed countrieswas roughly equal to manufacturing in developing countries in the early 1980s.
What two location factors influence more industries to remain in the northeastern United States and northwestern Europe?skilled labor and rapid delivery to market
In contrast to Fordlist production, Post-Fordlist production is more likely tointroduce more work rules
Often a manufacturing company will attempt to merge with another that possesses forward or backward links in the supply or production process. Which of the following terms best describes this type of strategy?Vertical Integration