Nonkeratinized Cells Exfoliate From The Surface Of The Skin.

Chapter 5 Histology

TrueMesoderm Gives rise to muscle, bone, and blood.
TrueColumnar Cells Cells lining the small intestine that show a brush border of microvilli in the apical surface.
FalseNonkeratinized cells exfoliate from the surface of the skin
TrueThe clear gel that usually surrounds cells is called interstitial fluid
TrueFibrocartilage is found in intervertebral discs
TrueSmooth and cardiac muscle are under involuntary control
FalseBlood consists of cells and a ground substance made of formed elements
FalsePlasma cells produce the ground substance that forms the matrix of connective tissues.
FalseExcitable cells respond to outside stimuli by means of changes in plasma membrane shape
TrueThe secretory product of a gland is produced by its parenchyma, not its stroma
TrueScar Tissue Helps hold an organ together but does not restore normal function.
fibrousThe four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except
ectoderm; nervous system and epidermisThe _______________ gives rise to the _______________.
cytosolThe clear gel inside a cell is called
Histological SectionA thin, stained slice of tissue mounted on a microscope is called a
longitudinal sectionThis image shows a
Epithelial tissue_______________ lines body cavities, covers the body surface, and forms the lining of many organs.
simple columnarAn epithelium with all cells tall and narrow and with every cell touching the basement membrane is called ________________ .
epithelium and connective tissue.The basement membrane is found between
Simple squamous______________ epithelium allows for rapid diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs.
simple cuboidal epitheliumMost kidney tubules are made of this tissue specialized for absorption and secretion
Stratified squamous; stratified columnar________________ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas _______________ epithelium is rare.
Eplithelial Tissue Location and ApperanceEpidermis, Inner lining of digestive tract, liver and other organs. Composed of layers of closely spaced cells. Thin extracellular material so thin not visible with a light microscope. No blood vessels. Lie on a loose connective tissue layer and depend on its blood vessels for nourishment and waste removal.
The basement membrane is found betweenepithelium and connective tissue.
Simple Squamous______________ epithelium allows for rapid diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs.
Goblet_____________ cells in simple columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes
simple columnar; small intestineA brush border of microvilli belongs to _______________ epithelium found in the ______________.
pseudostratified columnarAll cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia
Goblet___________ cells in simple columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes
simple columnar; small intestineA brush border of microvilli belongs to _______________ epithelium found in the ______________.
Pseudostratified ColumnarAll cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia
Transitional; stratified squamous__________________ epithelium found in the bladder resembles ______________ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened.
Nonkeratinized; vagina_______________ epithelium provides a moist and slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress, as in the ________________.
Simple squamous; stratified squamous__________________ epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances through a membrane, whereas __________________ epithelium is associated with resistance to abrasion.
interstital fluid is so scarce that it is not visible with a light microscope.These features are common to all connective tissues except
Areolar; cartilage__________________ tissue is highly vascular, whereas _______________ is not.
a calcified matrixThese are features that fibrous connective tissues have in commone except
Elastic Cartilagethe shape of a person’s external ear is given by
hyaline cartilageThese are all types of fibrous connective tissues except
Adipose tissueNew triglycerides are constantly synthesized and stored and other are hydolyzed and released into circulation mostly from cells in
Chondroblasts; fibroblasts__________________ secrete the cartilage rubbery matrix, whereas ________________ produce the fibers and ground substance that form the matrix of fibrous connective tissue
Hyperextensible jointsMarfan syndrome is a hereditary defect in elastin fibers. People with this syndrome have
collagenAll these substances account for the gelatinous consistency of connective tissue ground substance except
tendons, ligament and the deeper portion of the skinCollagenous fibers are very abundant in
dense regular and dense irregular connective tissuesFibroblasts and protein fibers are associated with both
holding water and maintaining electrolyte balanceGlycosaminoglycans (GAGs) help give the ground substance some of its qualities such as
Blood; transport nutrients to the tissues__________________ is found in the heart, and one of its functions is to __________________.
Areolar tissue______________ exhibits a lot of apparently empty space, and is found in many serous membranes.
Muscular and nervous; excitable__________________ tissues respond quickly to outside stimuli by means of changes in membrane potential, thus they are called __________________ tissues
neurogliaNervous tissue consists predominantly of two cell types, neurons and
smooth muscle produces waves of contractions that propel material through the digestive tractAstronauts in zero gravity are able to move food through their digestive tracts because
striated and voluntary.Skeletal muscle is described as
*E. complex of macromolecules; part of a cell; entire cellA connective tissue fiber refers to a(n) __________________, a nerve fiber refers to a(n) ____________________, and a muscle fiber refers to a(n) _______.
tight junctionsIn the intestine, __________________ ensure(s) that most digested nutrients pass through the epithelial cells and not between them.
Endocrine glands; hormones; the blood__________________ secrete __________________ into __________________.
Mucous; serous__________________ glands secrete mucin, which combines with water and form a thick and sticky product, whereas __________________ glands produce a relatively watery fluid
Endocrine glands; hormones; the blood__________________ secrete __________________ into __________________.
tight junctionsIn the intestine, __________________ ensure(s) that most digested nutrients pass through the epithelial cells and not between them.
Compound acinar glands__________________ glands have branched ducts and secretory cells that form sacs at one end of the ducts.
mucous membrane (mucosa)This membrane lines passageways that open to the exterior environment.
hypertrophyAfter six months of lifting weights at the gym you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size. This increase in size is due to _______ of muscle cells.
mesoderm; mesenchymeThis primary germ layer is the middle layer, called ______, and gives rise to a gelatinous material called ________________, which gives rise to different types of connective tissue such as bone, muscle, and blood.
totipotentMost biologists see embryonic stem (ES) cells as a possible treatment for diseases that result from the loss of functional cells. This possibility is based on the fact that ES cells are _______________ stem
metaplasiaThe pseudostratified columnar epithelium of the bronchi in smokers may transform into stratified squamous epithelium. This exemplifies
phagocytize and digest tissue debrisMacrophages __________________ in the healing of a skin wound.
apoptosisIt is normal for breasts to shrink after lactation ceases. This is a consequence of __________________ in human breast cells.
fibrosisThe replacement of damaged tissue with scar tissue is called
fibrousThe four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except
ectoderm; nervous system and epidermisThe _______________ gives rise to the _______________.
cytosolThe clear gel inside a cell is called
simple columnarAn epithelium with all cells tall and narrow and with every cell touching the basement membrane is called ________________
Stratified squamous; stratified columnar________________ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas _______________ epithelium is rare.
Merocrine; holocrine__________________ glands (such as tear glands) have vesicles that release their secretion by exocytosis, whereas __________________ glands (such as oil-producing glands) secrete a mixture of disintegrated cells and their products
epithelium and lamina propriaThe membrane that lines digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive tracts consists of
FalseDendrites in a neuron send outgoing signals to other cells.