Robert Sternberg Distinguished Among Analytical, Practical, And ________ Intelligence.

Ap psych chapt 11 STUDY!!!!!!!!!!

Object assembly, picture arrangement, and block design are three performance subtests of theWAIS
Postmortem brain analyses reveal that highly educated people have ________ when they die than do their less educated counterparts.more synapses
The final exam in a calculus course would be an example of a(n) ________ test.achievement
The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations is known asintelligence
Five-year-old Wilbur performs on an intelligence test at a level characteristic of an average 4-year-old. Wilbur’s mental age is4
The speed with which people retrieve information from memory has been found to be a predictor of their ________ intelligence.verbal
Males are most likely to outnumber females in a class designed for high school students highly gifted inmath problem solving
Individuals with Down syndrome areborn with an extra chromosome
Terman’s observations of 1500 California children with IQ scores over 135 contradicted the popular notion that intellectually gifted children are typicallysocially maladjusted.
The ability to control one’s impulses and delay immediate pleasures in pursuit of long-term goals is most clearly a characteristic ofsavant syndrome.
With increasing age, adopted children’s intelligence test scores become ________ correlated with their adoptive parents’ scores and ________ correlated with their biological parent’s scores.less positively; more positively
Sorina has a mental age of 10 and an IQ of 125 as measured by the Stanford-Binet. Sorina’s chronological age is8
Intelligence tests have effectively reduced discrimination in the sense that they havehelped limit reliance on educators’ subjectively biased judgments of students’ academic potential.
The intelligence test scores of today’s better-fed population ________ the scores of the 1930s population.are higher than
Over the past 50 or so years, children with an intellectual disability have increasingly been likely tobe mainstreamed into regular school classrooms.
The Stanford-Binet, WAIS, and WISC tests are all types ofgeneral intelligence tests.
Research on intelligence and brain anatomy indicates that highly intelligent children have ______ than their less intelligent counterparts.greater neural plasticity
Psychologists would be likely to agree that intelligence tests havecomparable predictive validity for Whites and Blacks.
Mr. and Mrs. Linkletter are parents of an intellectually disabled child. It is most likely that their childwill have difficulty adapting to the normal demands of independent adult life.
Robert Sternberg distinguished among analytical, practical, and ________ intelligence.creative
Blacks have been found to score lower on tests of verbal aptitude when tested by Whites than when tested by Blacks. This best illustrates the impact ofstereotype threat.
Who is most likely to be criticized for extending the definition of intelligence to an overly broad range of talents?Howard Gardner
Those who define intelligence as academic aptitude are most likely to criticizeGardner’s concept of multiple intelligences.
High intelligence scores have been linked with high concentrations of gray matter in certain regions of the frontal lobe. The gray matter refers to the ________ of neurons.cell bodies
Factor analysis is a statistical procedure that can be used toidentify clusters of closely related test items.
The high positive correlations between scores received on comparable sections of the SAT and GRE provide evidence for the ________ of these test scores.reliability
Self-fulfilling expectations are most likely to be triggered bystereotype threat.
Melinda completed the Computer Programming Aptitude Test when she applied for a position with Beta Electronics. Six months later, she took the same test when she applied for a position with another company. The fact that her scores were almost identical on the two occasions suggests that the test has a high degree ofreliability.
Twelve-year-old Norman has an IQ of 75 on the original version of the Stanford-Binet. His mental age is9
Object assembly, picture arrangement, and block design are three performance subtests of theWAIS
Factor analysis has been used to assess whetherintelligence is a single trait or a collection of distinct abilities.
Experts who defend intelligence tests against the charge of being culturally biased and discriminatory would be most likely to highlight the ________ of intelligence tests.predictive validity
In developing a test of intellectual ability for Parisian schoolchildren, Binet and Simon assumed thata bright child would perform like a normal child of an older age.
The French government commissioned Binet to develop an intelligence test that wouldreduce the need to rely on teachers’ subjectively biased judgments of students’ learning potential.
Precocious 12- to 14-year-old college students with unusually high levels of verbal intelligence are most likely toretrieve information from memory at an unusually rapid speed.
Your psychology teacher has announced that the next test will assess your understanding of sensation and perception. When you receive the test, however, you find that very few questions actually relate to these topics. In this instance, you would be most concerned about the ________ of the test.validity
The Sternberg-Wagner test measures writing skills, skill in motivating others, and ability to effectively delegate tasks. This test measures which of the intelligences described by Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence?practical intelligence
Molly has just taken a test of her capacity to learn to be a computer programmer. This is an example of a(n) ________ test.aptitude
About ________ percent of WAIS scores fall between 70 and 130.95
Intelligence scores are MOST LIKELY to be stable over a one-year period for a(n)tenth-grade student whose intelligence test score is 95.
If a road test for a driver’s license adequately samples the tasks a driver routinely faces, the test is said tohave content validity.
Educational programs for gifted children are most likely to be criticized forencouraging the segregation and academic tracking of intellectually advantaged students.
The impact of early environmental influences on intelligence is most apparent among young children who experiencea genetic predisposition toward low IQ.
To learn whether intelligence is related to information-processing capacities, researchers have tested participants to determine how long it takes them toperceive briefly presented visual images.
The written exam for a driver’s license would most likely be considered a(n) ________ test.achievement
Because intelligence is defined according to the attributes that enable success in a culture, psychologists consider intelligence to besocially constructed.
Research suggests that women are more skilled than men atinterpreting others’ facial expressions of emotion.
A survey of the history of intelligence testing reinforces the important lesson thatalthough science strives for objectivity, scientists can be influenced by their personal biases.
The similarity between the intelligence test scores of identical twins raised apart isgreater than that between ordinary siblings reared together.
About ________ percent of WAIS scores fall between 85 and 115.50
Research on racial differences in intelligence indicates thaton average, Black Americans perform less well than White Americans on intelligence tests.
The normal curve would represent the distribution ofAmerican women in terms of their physical heights.
Self-fulfilling expectations are most likely to be triggered bystereotype threat.
The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations is known asintelligence
Academic aptitude test scores are most likely to predict accurately the academic success of ________ students.elementary school
Which of the following terms refers to a person’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly?fluid intelligence
The ability to deal effectively with social conflict is not likely to be reflected in one’s performance on the WAIS. This best illustrates that intelligence isimpossible to measure with any reliability.
Experts would most likely agree that intelligence isa mental ability to learn from experience.
For the original version of the Stanford-Binet, IQ was defined asmental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100.
Melinda completed the Computer Programming Aptitude Test when she applied for a position with Beta Electronics. Six months later, she took the same test when she applied for a position with another company. The fact that her scores were almost identical on the two occasions suggests that the test has a high degree ofreliability
The original IQ formula would be LEAST appropriate for representing the intelligence test performance ofcollege students
Factor analysis is a statistical procedure that can be used toidentify clusters of closely related test items.
If a test is standardized, this means thata person’s test performance can be compared with that of a representative pretested group.
It would be reasonable to suggest that the Flynn effect is due in part toincreasingly improved childhood health and nutrition.
The characteristics of savant syndrome most directly suggest that intelligence isa diverse set of distinct abilities.
The average difference in intellectual aptitude scores of White and Black college graduates has been observed to be greatest when these individuals werehigh school juniors.
Research on racial and ethnic differences in intelligence indicates thatthe average mathematics achievement test scores of Asian children are notably higher than those of North American children.
People’s scores on the general intelligence factor are most highly correlated with their ability to solve ________ problems.novel
Higher intelligence scores are positively correlated with the volume of ________ in specific brain areas involved in memory, attention, and language.gray matter
Sorina has a mental age of 10 and an IQ of 125 as measured by the Stanford-Binet. Sorina’s chronological age is8
Binet and Simon designed a test of intellectual abilities in order toidentify children likely to have difficulty learning in regular school classes.
Although not notably heavier or larger in total size than the typical Canadian’s brain, Einstein’s brain was 15 percent larger in the lower region of theparietal lobe.
Which of the following terms refers to a person’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly?fluid intelligence
Interventions that promote intelligence teach early teens that the brain is like a muscle that strengthens with use. This idea is designed to encourage the teens to view intelligence aschangeable over time.
The heritability of intelligence is greatest amonggenetically dissimilar individuals who have been raised in similar environments.
Molly has just taken a test of her capacity to learn to be a computer programmer. This is an example of a(n) ________ test.aptitude
The importance of environmental influences on intelligence is provided by evidence thatthe intellectual development of neglected children in impoverished environments is often depressed.
A test of your capacity to learn to be an automobile mechanic would be considered a(n) ________ test.aptitude
A survey of the history of intelligence testing reinforces the important lesson thatalthough science strives for objectivity, scientists can be influenced by their personal biases.
The characteristics of savant syndrome most directly suggest that intelligence isa diverse set of distinct abilities.
Achievement tests are designed toassess learned knowledge or skills.
If both depressed and nondepressed individuals receive similar scores on a diagnostic test for depression, it suggests that the testis not valid.
Crystallized intelligence refers most directly to a person’saccumulated knowledge and verbal skills.