Syncretism Ap Human Geography

Chapter 6: religion: AP Human Geography Rubenstein

AnimismBelieve inanimate objects (plants & stones) or natural events (thunderstorm, earthquakes) are “animated” or have discrete spirits and conscious life. Many traditional African religions.
Autonomous ReligionSelf-sufficient. Interaction between communities is confined to little more than loose cooperation and shared ideas.
examples of Autonomous ReligionIslam, Protestant, Judaism, Hinduism
BranchA large and fundamental division within a religion.
CosmogonyA set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
DenominationA division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
DioceseThe basic unit of geographic unit in the Roman Catholic Church. Administered by bishops.
Ethnic ReligionAppeals primarily to one group of people living in one place. 24% ppl adhere.
Exclusive v. NonexclusiveBelief in one God and one religion (Christian) v. belief in many gods, no focus on a god ( you can be Buddhist and Shinto).
FundamentalismA literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principles of a religion.
GhettoA city neighborhood set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews.
Hierarchical ReligionHas a well defined geographic structure and organizes territory into local administrative units.
InhumationBurial; act of depositing in the ground.
Interfaith BoundaryThe boundaries between the world’s major faiths.
Intrafaith BoundaryThe boundaries within a major religion.
MonotheismBelief that there is only one God.
PilgrimageA journey for religious purposes to a place that is considered sacred.
PolytheismWorship in a collection of Gods.
ReligionA system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics.
Sacred SpaceThe arrangement of human activities on the landscape at several scales, from relatively small parcels of land to entire communities impacted by religion. Place or space people infuse with religious meaning.
SectA relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
SecularismCalling yourself a member of a religion without strictly adhering to it.
ShamanismAn animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans.
SyncretismA religion expanded to a new location that incorporated current religion.
Tribal ReligionSpecial forms of ethnic religions distinguished by their small size, unique identity with localized culture groups not absorbed into modern society, and close ties to nature.
Universalizing ReligionAttempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world.
ZionismA worldwide movement, originating in the 19th century that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine. Since 1948, its function has been to support the state of Israel.