The Buddha Was Particularly Troubled By The Problem Of

Chapter 4 – Buddhism

Siddhartha Gautama is the name ofhe person who became known as the Buddha.
he basic outlook on life, formulated by Buddhism, is contained inthe Four Noble Truths
One of the essential Buddhist teachings iseverything is changing.
In regard to the common belief in a permanent soul, the Buddha seems to have taught thatthere is none.
Buddhism began inIndia.
Nirvana seems to come from a word that meansblow out.
A major goal of Buddhism isinner peace
Buddhism developed into several branches. The branch that spread into Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia isTheravada.
Literally, Mahayana meansbig vehicle.
A person of great compassion, willing to be reborn constantly to help others, is calledbodhisattva.
The essential collection of sacred books of Buddhism is calledTripitaka (Tipitaka).
Tradition holds that which relative of the Buddha died soon after the birth of the Buddha?mother
Zen comes from a word that meansmeditation
The ideal of the Theravada branch is thearhat (arahat).
Tibetan Buddhism includes elements ofshamanism
The general name for that category of books that is said to give the words of the Buddha issutra
The unconditioned state of reality that is the highest goal of Buddhism is callednirvana.
The dissatisfaction and sorrow that life brings is calleddukkha
Tibetan Buddhismmakes great use of ritual.
Buddhism came to Tibet fromIndia
In Tibetan Buddhism, a vajra is frequently used together witha bell
The Chan/Zen virtues are especiallyintuition and naturalness.
Regarding his social class, the Buddha wasan aristocrat.
The school of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism, which sees the Buddha as a divine savior, whose name the believer must constantly repeat with devotion, isPure Land.
Concerning words, Zen stresses that words arenot adequate.
What is most important in Zen isenlightened awareness.
A koan isa question.
The type of beauty that Zen particularly values emphasizes issimplicity.
The Buddha of the Western Paradise isAmitabha.
The name for the Buddhist community of monks and nuns issangha.
To lessen suffering, the Buddha recommendedlessening desire.
Buddhism focuses especially onmaintaining inner peace.
The Buddha opposedthe caste system.
The Buddha lived about this time.fifth century b.c.e.
The Indian ruler who spread Buddhist teaching widely wasAshoka
Vinaya refers toa collection of rules for monks and nuns.
Vimalakirti wasa rich but compassionate and wise layman.
The “Sutras on the Perfection of Wisdom” have what Sanskrit name?Prajnaparamita
In China, Buddhism was sometimes criticized becausemonks and nuns had no children.
In China, the various Mahayana sects tended to blend. But they have remained separate inJapan.
The Japanese monk who studied in China and established Shingon Buddhism in Japan wasKukai (Kobo Daishi).
Zen traces itself back to a legendary founder namedBodhidharma.
Besides Tibetan Buddhism, another form of Vajrayana Buddhism isShingon Buddhism.
Elements of Buddhism, as interpreted in Japanese woodblock prints, influenced which artist?Vincent Van Gogh
The Buddha was particularly troubled by the problem ofsuffering and death.
Enlightened awareness in Zen is calledsatori.
An essential practice in Zen ismanual labor
A key practice of Nicheren Buddhism isa chant to the Lotus Sutra.
Tendai Buddhism is known forsystematizing varied Buddhist teachings into a progressive hierarchy.
An important practice in Shingon Buddhism isa fire ritual with historic links to the Vedic fire ceremony.