The Dramatic Growth Of American Cities Between 1800 And 1860

apush ch 14

life on the frontier wasdownright grim for most pioneer families
pioneering americans marooned by geographybecame provincial in the attitudes
in early-nineteenth-century americanthe urban population was growing at an unexpected rate
the dramatic growth of american cities between 1800 and 1860resulted in unsanitary conditions in many communities
“ecological imperialism” can be best described asthe aggressive exploitation of the west’s bounty
george caitlin advocatedthe preservation of nature as a nationalist party
the influx of immigrants to the U.S trippled, then quadrupled in the1840s and 1850s
irelands great export in the 1840s waspeople
the irish immigrants to early nineteenth century americawere mostly roman catholics
when the irish flocked to the us in the 1840s they stayed in the larger seaboard cities because theywere too poor to move west and buy land
when the “famine irish” came to americathey mostly remained in the port cities of the north east
native born protestant americans distrusted and resented the irish mostly because these immigrantswere roman catholic
german immigrants in the early nineteenth century tended tosupport public schools
german immigrants to the usleft their homeland to escape ecomonic hardships and autocratic government
when german immigrants came to the us theyprospered with astonishing ease
those who were frightened by the rapid influx of irish immigrants organizedthe order of the star spangled banner
the sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigration was callednativism
native-born americans feared that catholic immigrants to the u.s would“establish” the catholic church at the expense of protestantism
immigrants coming to the us before 1860helped fuel economic expansion
the father of the factory system in the us. wassamuel slater
eli whitney was instrumental in the invention of thecotton gin
most of the cotton produced in the american south in the early nineteenth century wassold to england
the american phase of the industrial revolution first blossomedwith textile mills
as a result of the development of the cotton ginslavery revived and expanded
the underlying basis for modern mass production was theuse of interchangeable parts
the early factory system distributed its benefitsmostly to the owners
what did samuel F.B. Morse invent?
what about cyrus mccormick
or robert fulton?
S- telegraph
C- mower-reaper
R- Steamboat
the american work force in the early 19th century was characterized bysubstantial employment of women and children in the factories
one reason that the lot of adult wage earners improved wasthe enfranchisement of the laboring men
in the case of commonwealth vs. hunt the supreme court of mass. ruled thatlabor unions were legal
the “cult of domesticity”glorified the traditional role of women as homemakers
early 19th century american familieswere getting smaller
one of the goals of the child centered family of the 1800s was toraise independent individuals
the effect of early 19th century industrialization of the trans-allegheny west was to encouragespecialized cash-crop agriculture
with the development of cash-crop agriculture in the trans alegheny westfarmers quickly faced mounting indebtedness
the first major transportation project linking the east to the trans-allegheny west waslancaster turnpike
western road building faced all of the following problems exceptcompetition from canals
the major application for steamboats transporting freight and passengers in the us was onwestern and southern rivers
the canal era of american history began with the construction of theerie canal
construction of the erie canalforced some new england farmers to move or change occupations
most early railroads in the us were built in thenorth
compared with canals railroadscould be built almost anywhere
in the new continental economy each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the south __________ for export; the west grew grains and livestock to feed __________; and the east _______ for the other two regionsgrew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles
as a result of the transportation revolutioneach regions in the nation specialized in a particular type of economic activity
in general, _____________ tended to bind the west and south together, while ___________ and ________________ connected the west to eaststeamboats, canals, railroads
as the new continental market economy grewthe home came to be viewed as a refugee from the workday world
a major economic consequence of the transportation and marketing revolutions wasthe declining significance of american agriculture