The Feeling Of Fullness You Get Once You Have Ingested Enough Food Is Called _____.

chapter 11-15 psych in textbook

Motivation is BEST defined as______
A. a set of factors that activate,direct,and maintain behavior, usually toward a goal
B. the psychological arousal that occurs when a person really wants to achieve a goal
C. what makes you what you do
D. the conscious and uncomfortable thoughts that focus a person’s behavior and emotions in the direction of a goal
____ is the body’s tendancy to maintain a relatively stable state for internal processes.
A. Homeostasis
C.Drive induction
D. biostability
The ___ theory says people are “pulled” by external stimuli to act a certain way
A. Cognitive
B. incentive
C. maslows hierarchy of needs
D. drive reduction
The feeling of fullness you get once you have ingested enough food is called____
A. bloating
B. homeostasis
C. Stimulus overload
D. satiety
____ involves the consumption of large quantities of food followed by self induced vomiting, the use of laxatives, or extreme excersise.
A. Anorexia nervosa
B. The binge purge syndrome
C. Bulimia Nervosa
D. Pritkin dieting
Acording to your book, the desire to excel, especially in competition with others is known as_____
A. Drive reduction theory
B. intrinsic motivation
C. Achievement motivation
D. all of the above
____ is the term for negative attitudes toward someone based on his/her sexual orientation
A. Heterophobia
B. sexual prejudice
C. heterosexism
D. sexual phobia
Extrinsic motivation is based on _____
A. the desire for rewards or threats of punishments
B. the arousal motive
C. the achievement motive
D. all of these options
The three components of emotions are_____
A. cognitive, biological, and behavioral
B. perceiving, thinking, and acting
C. Positive, negative, and neutral
D. Active/passive, positive/negative
Researchers believe all of our feelings can be condensed to ____ culturally universal emotions
A. 2 to 3
B. 5 to 6
C. 7 to 10
D. 11 to 15
____ is defined as relatively stable and enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions
A. Character
B. Trait
C. Temperament
D. Personality
According to Freud, the three mental structures that form personality are the _____.
A. Unconscious, Preconscious, and Conscious
B. oral, anal, and phallic
C. oedipus, electra, and sexual agressive
D. id, ego, superego
Used excessively, defense mechanisms can be dangerous because they ____
A. block intellectualization
B. become ineffective
C. distort reality
D. become fixated
Three of the most influential neo-freudians were___
A. plato, aristotle, and descartes
B. Dr. Laura, Dr.Phil, and Dr. Ruth
C. Pluto, Mickey, and Minnie
D. Adler, Jung, and Horney
____ is a statistical technique that groups large arrays of data into more basic units.
C. Factor analysis
D. Regression analysis
Unconditional positive regard is a Rogerian term for_____
A. Accepting any and all behavior as a positive manifestation of self actualization
B. Caring, non judgmental attitude toward a person without attaching any contingencies
C. Nonjudgmental listening
D. Phenomenological congruence
The personality theorist who believed in the basic goodness of individuals and their natural tendency toward self actualization was____
A. Karen Horney
B. Alfred Adler
C. Abraham Maslow
D. Carl Jung
According to Bandura,___ involves a persons belief about whether he or she can successfully engage in behaviors related to personal goals.
A. Self actualization
B. Self esteem
C. Self efficacy
D. Self congruence
____ believed personality is affected by cognitive expediencies that guide behavior and influence the environment.
A. Malows
B. Bandura
C. Adler
D. Rotter
___ appear to have the largest influence (40-50%) on personality.
A. nonshared environment
B. shared environment
C. Genetics
D. Unknown factors
The most widely researched and clinically used self report personality test is the ____.
B. Rorschach inkbolt test
Your textbook defines abnormal behavior as___
A. Statistically infrequent pattern of pathological emotion, thought, or action
B. patterns of emotion, thought, and action that are considered pathological
C. patterns of behavior, thought, or emotions considered pathological for one or more of four reasons; deviance, dysfunction, distress, or danger.
D. All of these options
____ is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
A. Psychology
B. Psychiatry
C. Psychobiology
D. psychodiagnostics
Anxiety disorders are_____.
A. characterized by unrealistic, irrational fear
B. The least frequent of the mental disorders
C. Twice as common in men as in women
D. All of these options
Repetitive, ritualistic behaviors, such as hand washing, counting, or putting things in order, are called _____
A. Obsessions
B. Compulsions
C. Ruminations
D. Phobias
The two main types of mood disorders are____
A. Major depressive disorders and bipolar disorders
B. Mania and depression
C. SAD and MAD
D. learned helplessness and suicide
Someone who experiences repeated episodes of mania or cycles between mania and depression has a _____
A. disruption of circadian rhythms
B. Bipolar disorder
C. Comorbid condition
D. Diathesis- stress disorder
According to the theory known as ___, when faced with a painful situation from which there is no escape, animals and people enter a state of helplessness and resignation.
A. Automatic resignation
B. Helpless resignation
C. Resigned helplessness
D. learned helplessness
A psychotic disorder that is characterized by major disturbances in perception, language, thought, emotion, and behavior is _____
A. Schizophrenia
B. Multiple personality disorder
C. Bordrline psychosis
D. Neurotic psychosis
perceptions for which there are no appropriate external stimuli are called___, and the most common type among people suffering from schizophrenia is ___.
A. Hallucinations; Auditory
B. Hallucinations; Visual
C. Delusions; auditory
D. Delusions; Visual
The disorder that is an attempt to avoid painful memories or situations and is characterized by amnesia, fugue, or multiple personalities is _____
A. Dissociative disorder
B. displacement disorder
C. disoriented disorder
D. identity disorder
Inflexible, maladaptive personality traits that cause significant impairment of social and occupational functioning are known as____.
A. nearly all mental disorders
B. the psychotic and dissociative disorders
C. personality disorders
D. none of thes
Which of the following are examples of cultural general symptoms of mental health difficulties, useful in diagnosing disorders across cultures?
A. trouble sleeping
B. cant get along
C. worry all the time
D. all of these options
Psychoanalysis/Psychodynamic, humanistic, and cognitive therapies are often grouped together as____
A. talk therapy
B. behavior therapy
C. humanistic and operant conditioning
D. cognititve reconstructing
The system of psychotherapy developed by freud that seeks to bring unconscious conflicts into conscious awareness is known as ____.
A. transference
B. cognitive restructuring
C. psychoanalysis
D. the “hot seat” technique
___therapy empasizes conscious process & current problems
A. self talk
B. belief behavior
C. Psychodynamic
D. thought analysis
___ therapy seeks to maximize personal growth through affective restructuring.
A. Cognitive emotive
B. Emotive
C. Humanistic
D. Actualization
In Rogerian therapy, the ___ is responsible for discovering maladaptive patterns
A. therapist
B. analyst
C. doctor
D. client
The process by which the therapist and client work to change destructive ways of thinking is called____.
A. Problem solving
B. self talk
C. cognitive restructuring
D. rational recovery
Beck practices ___, which attempts to change not only destructive thoughts & beliefs, but the associated behaviors as well.
A. Psycho-behavior therapy
B. Cognitive behavior therapy
C. thinking acting therapy
D. belief behavior therapy
The main focus in behavior therapy is to increase___ and decrease ____.
A. Positive thoughts & feelings; negative thoughts & feelings
B. Adaptive behaviors; maladaptive behaviors
C. Coping resources; coping deficits
D. All of these options
The three steps in systematic desensitization include all EXCEPT _____
A. Learning how to become deeply relaxed
B. Arranging anxiety arousing stimuli into hierarchy from least to most arousing
C. practicing relaxation to anxiety arousing stimuli, starting at the most arousing
D. All of these options
In electroconvulsive therapy(ECT),____.
A. current is never applied to the left hemisphere.
B. Convulsions activate the amygdala, causing change in maladaptive emotions
C. Electrical current passes through coil of wire placed on the head
D. none of the above
A ____ group doesn’t have a professional leader and members assist eachother in coping with a specific problem
A. self help
B. encounter
C. peer
D behavior
in Japanese ___ therapy the client is asked to discover personal guilt for having been ungrateful and troublesome to others.
A. kyoto
B. okado
C. Naikan
D. obeisance
The study of how other people influence our thoughts, feelings, and actions is called____
A. sociology
B. social science
C. social psychology
D. sociobehavior psychology
The two major attribution mistakes people make are____.
A. the fundamental attribution error and self-serving bias
B. the situational attributions and dispositional attributions
C. the actor bias and the observer bias
D. stereotypes and biases
___ theory says contradictions between our attitudes and behavior can motivate us to change our attitudes to agree with our behavior
A. Social learning
B. cognitive dissonance
C. Defense mechanism
D. Power of inconsistencies
The act of changing behaviors as a result of real or imagined group pressure is called _____.
A. norm compliance
B. obediance
C. conformity
D. mob rule
stanley Milgram was investigating____ in his classic teacher learner shock study.
A. the effects of punishment on learning
B. the effects of reinforcement on learning
C. obedience to authority
D. none of these
which of the following factors may contribute to destructive obedience?
A. remoteness of the victim
B. foot-in-the-door
C. socialization
D. all of these options
Faulty decision making resulting from a highly cohesive group striving for agreement to the point of avoiding inconsistent information is known as _____.
A. the risky shift
B. Group polarization
C. groupthink
D. destructive conformity
___ is a learned, negative attitude toward specific people because of their membership in an identified group.
A. discrimination
B. stereotyping
C. cognitive biasing
D. prejudice
Research suggests that one of the bests ways to decrease prejudice is to encourage_____.
A. cooperation
B. friendly competition
C. reciprocity of liking
D. conformity
Actions designed to help others with no obvious benefit to the helper are collectively known as____
A. Empathy
B. Sympathy
C. Altruism
D. Egoism
The degree of positive feelings you have towards others is called ____.
A. affective relations
B. Interpersonal attraction
C. Interpersonal attitudes
D. Affective connections
A strong and lasting attraction characterized by admiration, respect, trust, deep caring, and commitment is ______.
A. Companionate love
B. Intimate love
C. Passionate love
D. All of these options