The Leading Figure In The Expansion Of Christianity Beyond Judaism Was

Ch 11 World History

he asserted his rights as a Roman citizenPaul’s case was transferred to Rome because
Romulus and RemusAccording to legend Rome was founded by
EtruscansDuring the early history, Rome was dominated by the
consulsIn the early stages of the Roman republic the patricians elected 2
plebeiansIn an effort to alleviate social tensions this group was allowed to elect 2 and then later 10 tribunes.
dictatorDuring times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a
generousthe Roman policy toward conquered peoples was
PersiansThe Roman policy of toleration and respect for conquered peoples was most similar to the
CarthaginiansIn the early period of Roman expansion, the principle power in the western Mediterranean was the
SicilyDuring the Punic Wars, the Romams first fought the Carthaginians over the most important source of grain in the western Mediterranean. Where was it?
Punic WarsRome’s monumental struggle with the Carthaginians was known as the
CarthaginiansThe turning point in Roman history was their struggle, in the Punic Wars, with the
a siege formation that troops formed by surrounding themselves with their shieldsThe testudo was
enormous plantationsLatifundia were
TiberiusThe tribune whose call for land reform led to his assassination in 132 B.C.E was
Sided with social reformers who advocated redistribution of land, during civil war he marched into Rome, placed city under military occupation and hunted down his political enemiesWhat did Gaius Marius do?
SullaThe leader, supported by the Roman aristocrats, who led the slaughter of more than 10,000 of his political
favored liberal policies and social reformsIn regards to political philosophy, Julius Caesar
centralized military and political functions, confiscated property from conservatives and gave it to his veterans/supporters, launched large scale building projects, extended Roman citizenship to peoples in imperial provincesAfter naming himself dictator in 46 B.C.E Julius Caesar did what?
ActiumOctavian was able to restore order to the Roman world with his victory in 31 B.C.E at
Mark Antony and CleopatraAugustus was able to reunify the empire after defeating his main rivals, who were
CleopatraThe last of the Ptolemaic rulers was
A monarchy disguised as republicThe government established by Augustus Caesar consisted of what?
developed local economies and statesThe Roman conquest of Gaul, Germany, Britain, and Spain did what for the empire
AugustusThe period known as the pax romana was started by
pax romanathe reign of Augustus inaugurated a period known as the
Tacitusthe most important early Roman historian for the empire was
12 tablesthe Romans had a long tradition of written law stretching back to 450 B.C.E and the creation of the
Defendants were innocent until proven guilty, had right to challenge their accuser before a judge in a court of law, ability of judges to set aside laws that were inequitableWhat were the foundation of Roman Law?
Mediterranean SeaWhen the Romans used the words mare nostrum they referred to
the patriarchal nature of the Roman familyThe phrase pater familias refers to
one-thirdBy the second century C.E how much of the total population of the Roman Empire was represented by slaves?
raised an army of 70,000 rebellious slavesIn 73 B.C.E Spartacus
MarsZeus was to Jupiter as Ares was to
the hearthVesta was the Roman goddess of
stoicthe Roman thinker Marcus Tullius Cicero was best associated with what Hellenistic school of thought?
stoicismThe most prominent school of moral philosophy in Rome was
a god closely identified with the sun and light in Zoroastrian mythologyMithras was
Islamwhich of the following religions was not popular during the Roman Empire
JewsFrom 66 to 70 C.E the Romans fought a bloody war with the
a Jewish sect which looked for the appearance of a saviorThe Essenes were
the anointed oneJesus of Nazareth’s followers called him “Christ” which meant
Jesusthe phrase “the kingdom of God is at hand” is associated with
Paul of TarsusThe leading figure of expansion of Christianity beyond Judaism was
commonersPlebeians
Hereditary aristocrats and wealthy classes that elected consulsPatricians
wielded civil and military power, elected by assembly of patricians, served one year termsConsul
officials who represented their interests in Roman government, they can intervene in political maters and can veto measures that they judged unfairTribune
school of moral philosophy established by Marcus Tullius CiceroStoicism
The monotheistic religion of the JewsJudaism
northern Italian society that initially dominated the Romans, helped convey Greek concepts the expanding RomansEtruscans
favored liberal policies and social reformsJulius Caesar
Sided with social reformers who advocated redistribution of land, part of Roman armyMarius
a veteran foreign campaigns who allied with conservative and aristocratic classes, part of Roman armySulla
Leading figure in the expansion of Christianity beyond JudaismPaul of Tarsus
prominent aristocrat and the most important early Roman historian for the empireTacitus