The Medical Diagnostic Term SynDrome Actually Means

Chapter 14 Medical Terminology Self-Test

The _________ Endocrine Gland is referred to as the Master Gland (of the body) because it secretes multiple hormones that influence multiple body functionpituitary
the name of the Pituitary Hormone that is essential to the growth, development and continued function of the adrenal cortex isadreno/corico/trophic hormone – ACTH SYN: Corticotropin
The Pituitary Hormone that stimulates uterine contractions during female labor isoxytocin
The pituitary lobe that secretes Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH), Growth Hormone (GH), and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is called theanterior lobe
the ______ pituitary lobe stores and releases Anti/di/uret/ic Hormone (ADH) and Oxy/tocinposterior
the thyroid hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism isthyroxin or thyroxine
Located in front of the lower voice box and the upper trachea (rough), the ______ Gland is the largest endocrine gland and is shaped like a shieldthyroid
The four small dime size glands that lie directly upon and behind the Thyroid Gland are the ________ Glands. They secrete para/thormone that is responsible for regulating body calcium usageparathyroid
The endocrine glands located above each kidney (divided into 2 portions called the medulla “marrow-like” and the cortex “bark-like”) are theadrenal glands
The name of the hormone that helps to maintain the level of calcium in the blood and is produced by the four parathyroid glands isparathormone
The hormone that plays an important role in the control of blood sugar levels and controls hyperglycemic and hyperglycemic body responses isinsulin from the beta cells of the Isles of Langerhans in the pancreas
The hormone that helps the body deal with stress isepinephrine
The compound term “Poly/dips/ia” literally meansmuch/thirst/refers to
The combining forms that mean “poison” aretoxic/o-, viro-, or septo-
the term hypo/glyc/emia literally meanslow or below/sugar levels/blood
the prefixes e-, ec-, ect-, ecto-, ex-. and exo- all meanout or outside
The diagnostic term for the state of excessive thyroxin production, which causes high sugar levels and hyperactivity ishyperthyroidism
the medical term Endo/crin/olog/ist actually meansspecialist in the science and study of glands of internal secretion (into the blood stream)
the diagnostic term for a chronic disease caused by under activity of the Islets of Langerhans (Beta Cells) in the pancreas isDiabetes Mellitus – sweet or sugar excess – Type I and II
A “EEG” is used to record information about _______ electrical activitybrain
The condition resulting in muscle spasms (poor nerve communications) due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood istetany
The medical diagnostic term Syn/drome actually meansa set of signs and symptoms that run together
the medical term for the sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in a living organism is __________. It literally and actually means – the state of/changing/a lump (of food)metabolism
the term given to substances secreted by endo/crine (within blood/secrete) Glands that means to urge on ishormone
the lack of ________ can cause premature aginghormone growth hormone
Dia/betes literally meansthrough/passing
Graves’ Disease is also known asHyperthyroidism
Dwarf/ism (irregular proportioned and “shortness/state”) is often seen with Pro/geria (before/old or aged). The probable cause is heredity factors or the lack of pituitary _________ production that leads to complete premature agingHGH
The inability to sleep is often caused by the lack of the pineal Gland to secretemelatonin
the parathyroid gland produces para/thormone, which regulate body calcium blood levels and preventstetany or muscle spasms
how many hormones does the pituitary gland secrete in men6
the anterior part of the pituitary gland secretes which hormonesluteiniz/ing, growth, thyroid stimulating and adrenocorticotrophic
ulcers are commonly seen in people withdiabetes
the hormone ______ increases in the blood to a level that causes LH to be released from the anterior pituitaryestrogen
a “EKG or ECG” is used to record information about ________ electrical activityheart