The Relative Highness Or Lowness Of Sounds Produced By The Human Voice Is Called

Chapter 12- Communication- Exam 2

Good Speech Deliversounds conversational even though its been rehearsed
has conversational quality and does not call attention to itself
Communication based on a speaker’s body and voice, rather than on the use of words, is callednonverbal communication
In which situation would a speaker be most likely to read from a manuscript?speech on international policy at the United Nations
When speaking from a manuscript, you should-practice aloud to make sure the speech sounds natural.
-be certain the final manuscript is legible at a glance.
-work on establishing eye contact with the audience.
A political candidate is running for office and must give a speech that will lay out the details of her platform. The speech will be widely covered by newspapers and television. What kind of delivery is the candidate most likely to use?manuscript
According to your textbook, the
speaker delivers a speech with little or no immediate preparation.
impromptu
Which of the following does your textbook mention as an advantage of extemporaneous delivery?it allows greater spontaneity than does speaking from a manuscript
The
speaker uses only brief notes or a speaking outline to jog the memory.
extemporaneous
Erik is giving a speech in his art history course. He has carefully prepared his presentation and plans to deliver it from a brief set of note cards. What kind of delivery is Erik using?extemporaneous speech
Speaking extemporaneouslyis adaptable to more situations than is speaking from manuscript
“Conversational quality” in speech delivery means that thespeech sounds spontaneous even though it has been rehearsed.
The relative highness or lowness of sounds produced by the human voice is calledpitch
Changes in the pitch or tone of a speaker’s voice are calledinflections
It is the
of your voice that reveals whether you are asking a question or making a statement, whether you are being sincere or sarcastic.
inflection
The best rate of speech depends on the-vocal attributes of the speaker.
-mood the speaker is trying to create.
-composition of the audience.
Which of the following would probably call for a faster speaking rate than normal?– describing the winning touchdown in last week’s game
– summarizing information already familiar to an audience
If you hoped to convey to your audience the excitement of steering a kayak through a river rapids, you should probablyspeak at a faster rate
A public speaker who frequently says “uh,” “er,” or “um” is failing to make effective use ofpauses
According to your textbook, “uh,” “er,” “um” and similar expressions in a public speech are referred to asvocalized pauses
Changes in a speaker’s rate, pitch, volume, and pauses are referred to asvocal variety
Forming particular speech sounds crisply and distinctly is calledarticulation
According to your textbook, saying “dunno” instead of “don’t know” is an error inarticulation
Based on use of voice & bodyNonverbal Communication
Manuscript
Memory
Impromptu
Extemporaneous
Methods of Delivery
Written out fully
Read to audience
Manuscript Speech
Delivered with little or no immediate preparationImpromptu Speech
Carefully prepared & rehearsed
Presented from brief notes
Extemporaneous Speech
Sounds spontaneous no matter how many times speech has been rehearsedConversational Quality
Volume
Pitch
Rate
Pauses
Vocal variety
Pronunciation
Articulation
Dialect
Speaker’s Voice
Loudness or softness of speaker’s voiceVolume
Highness or lowness of speaker’s voicePitch
Speed at which person speaksRate
Momentary break in vocal deliveryPauses
Pauses that occur when speaker says “uh,” “er,” “um,” etc.Vocalized Pauses
Changes in rate, pitch, volume
Gives voice expressiveness
Vocal Vareity
Accepted standard of sound, rhythm for words in given languagePronunciation
Physical production of speech soundsArticulation
Variety of a language distinguished by accent, grammar, vocabularyDialect
Personal appearance
Movement
Gestures
Eye contact
Kinesics
Go through preparation outline aloud
Prepare speaking outline
Practice speech aloud
Polish, refine delivery
Give dress rehearsal
Practicing Delivery
Formulate answers to possible questions
Practice delivery of answers
Preparing Q&A Sessions
Approach questions with positive attitude
Listen carefully
Direct answers to entire audience
Be honest, straightforward
Stay on track
Managing Q&A Sessions
The study of bodily motion and gestures is part of a subject calledkinesics
According to your textbook, when people in one region of the country say “warter,” while people in another region of the country say “water,” the difference is a matter ofdialect
Speaking extemporaneouslyis adaptable to more situations than is speaking from manuscript
Directions in an outline to help a speaker remember how she wants to deliver key parts of the speech is called:delivery cues
Although most people speak at a rate of 120 to 150 words a minute, the brain can process words at a rate of400 to 800 words per minute