Integrative Therapy Is Most Compatible With The _____ Model Of Abnormal Behavior.

Chapter 13 Psychological Therapies

Which of the following treatments reduce or eliminate the symptoms of psychological disorders by altering aspects of body functioning?

A. Psychotherapies
B. Humanistic Therapies
C. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
D. Biological Therapies

D. Biological Therapies
Which of the following statements about biological therapies is FALSE?

A. Biological therapies are treatments that reduce or eliminate the symptoms of psychological disorders by altering aspects of body functioning.
B. Drug therapy is the most common form of biological therapy.
C. Psychologists can prescribe drugs for psychological disorders in most states.
D. Medical doctors can prescribe drugs for psychological disorders.

C. Psychologists can prescribe drugs for psychological disorders in most states.
Research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy:

A. is mixed, in that psychotherapy works well for women but not for men.
B. clearly shows that psychotherapy works.
C. shows that psychoanalysis is more effective than cognitive therapy.
D. shows that humanistic therapy is more effective than behavioral therapy.

B. clearly shows that psychotherapy works.
The therapeutic alliance is the relationship between the therapist and:

A. the client
B. the American Psychiatric Association
C. the local government
D. other professional therapists who practice in the same state.

A. the client
Clients of therapists who do not monitor the quality of the therapeutic alliance are:

A. more likely to drop out of therapy
B. less likely to experience negative outcomes as a result of therapy.
C. likely to feel more hopeful about overcoming their disorder
D. likely to feel more respected and supported by the therapist.

A. more likely to drop out of therapy
Research shows that _______________________ is the most important determinant of therapy outcome.

A. the therapist’s credentials
B. the cost of the therapist
C. the quality of the client’s participation
D. the client’s age

C. the quality of the client’s participation
Which of the following therapies stress the importance of the unconscious mind, extensive interpretation by the therapist, and the role of early, childhood experiences in the development of an individual’s problems?

A. Psychodynamic therapies
B. humanistic therapies
C. social learning therapies
D. biological therapies

A. Psychodynamic therapies
The main goal of psychoanalysis is to:

A. persuade clients to abandon their irrational, miser-inducing beliefs.
B. help individuals gain insight into the unconscious conflicts that are the source of their problems.
C. train clients to avoid maladaptive patterns of behavior through modeling of appropriate behaviors.
D. demonstrate unconditional positive regard toward the client.

B. help individuals gain insight into the unconscious conflicts that are the source of their problems.
Which of the following is true of psychoanalytic techniques?

A. Freud believed that transference was an avoidable aspect of the analyst-patient relationship.
B. Transference is the psychoanalytic term for the client’s unconscious defense strategies that prevent the analyst from understanding the person’s problems.
C. Resistance is the psychoanalytic term for the client’s relating to the analyst in ways that reproduce or relieve important relationships in the client’s life.
D. Freud believed that a person’s current problems could be traced to childhood experiences.

D. Freud believed that a person’s current problems could be traced to childhood experiences
Sean, a psychologist, told his colleague “My client must confront the conflicts he faced in his childhood and gain release from this burdening anxiety.” According to this statement, it can be concluded that Sean follows a _______ approach.

A. psychodynamic
B. cognitive
C. behavioral
D. humanistic

A. Psychodynamic
Which of the following is the most important determinant of the effectiveness of psychotherapy?

A. the duration of therapy sessions
B. the therapeutic alliance
C. the cost involved in therapy
D. the number of therapy sessions

B. The therapeutic alliance
Dr. Billings is a therapist who specializes in psychoanalysis. The types of techniques that she is likely to use would include:

A. free association, dream interpretation, transference, and interpreting the client’s resistance to discussing painful memories.
B. teaching clients to replace their fears systematically with more relaxed responses.
C. systematic desensitization and token economies.
D. prescribing strong medication that will reduce the client’s anxiety so that the client can learn to relax and gain insight.

A. free association, dream interpretation, transference, and interpreting the client’s resistance to discussing painful memories.
Charlotte is a psychologist who believes in the following statement, “Abnormal behavior is the result of unresolved unconscious conflicts.” Since she believes in this statement, it can be inferred that Charlotte practices _____ therapy.

A. psychodynamic
B. humanistic
C. social learning
D. biological

A. psychodynamic
Your psychotherapist asks you to “free associate.” What are you being asked to do?

A. You are being asked to concentrate on relaxing as your therapist presents you with anxiety-provoking stimuli.
B. You are being asked to completely empty your mind of all thoughts.
C. You are being asked to say aloud whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
D. You are being asked to recall everything you can about traumatic childhood events.

C. You are being asked to say aloud whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
According to Freud’s psychodynamic perspective, what is the best way to gain insight into a person’s core problems?

A. reinforcing the client for ignoring neurotic thoughts
B. bringing unconscious conflicts into conscious awareness
C. having the client transfer fears and anxieties to the therapist
D. helping the client to repress unpleasant memories more effectively

B. bringing unconscious conflicts into conscious awareness
The release of emotional tension a person experiences when reliving an emotionally charged and conflicting experience is known as

A. tardive dyskinesia.
B. catharsis.
C. resistance.
D. transference.

B. catharsis.
According to Freud’s therapeutic technique, getting people to talk freely

A. exhausts them.
B. causes them to lose focus.
C. allows their deepest thoughts to emerge.
D. masks their unconscious conflicts.

C. allows their deepest thoughts to emerge.
According to the psychoanalytic approach to psychotherapy, interpretation

A. is the psychoanalytic term for the client’s relating to the analyst in ways that reproduce or relive important relationships in the client’s life.
B. is a psychoanalytic technique that involves encouraging individuals to say aloud whatever comes to mind.
C. is a psychoanalytic technique for interpreting a person’s dreams.
D. is a psychoanalyst’s search for symbolic, hidden meanings in what the client says and does during therapy.

D. is a psychoanalyst’s search for symbolic, hidden meanings in what the client says and does during therapy.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the psychoanalytic technique of dream analysis?

A. In dream analysis, every dream, including nightmares, contains a hidden, disguised unconscious wish.
B. Dreams represent unconscious conflicts which should be excluded while practicing psychodynamic therapy.
C. Dreams provide individuals with an outlet to express their conscious wishes and desires.
D. In dream analysis, a psychoanalyst asks a person to say aloud whatever comes to mind.

A. In dream analysis, every dream, including nightmares, contains a hidden, disguised unconscious wish.
According to Freudian dream analysis, the unconscious, hidden aspects that are symbolized by the manifest content of dreams refers to the _____ content.

A. obtuse
B. subliminal
C. latent
D. passive

C. latent
James dreamed that he went to his neighbor’s house at midnight and made himself a sandwich. His psychoanalyst interpreted the dream to mean that James really wanted to have sex with his neighbor’s wife. Making the sandwich was the

A. hidden content of the dream.
B. manifest content of the dream.
C. latent content of the dream.
D. resistant content of the dream.

B. manifest content of the dream.
In psychoanalytic theory, the term transference is used to describe

A. the gradual shifting of erogenous desires from the mouth to the genitals.
B. the client’s relating to the analyst in ways that reproduce or relive important relationships in the client’s life.
C. efforts to redirect anxiety-provoking desires into socially acceptable actions.
D. the repression of painful memories from conscious awareness.

B. the client’s relating to the analyst in ways that reproduce or relive important relationships in the client’s life.
Sherice started seeing a psychotherapist because of marital problems. She is unhappy because she feels her husband does not give her enough attention. After several sessions, she is quite taken with her male therapist because he gives her undivided attention. This growing affection for the therapist is called

A. resistance.
B. latent content.
C. reflection.
D. transference.

D. transference.
In the context of psychoanalysis, when a psychotherapist questions a client about the nightmares the client has had, the therapist is engaging in the method of

A. transference.
B. free association
C. dream analysis.
D. validation.

C. dream analysis.
In the context of psychoanalysis, a client interacting with an analyst as if the analyst were a parent or lover exemplifies the concept of

A. transference.
B. free association.
C. interpretation.
D. unconditional positive regard.

A. transference.
Which of the following scenarios indicates the psychoanalytic phenomenon of transference?

A. Harry visits his psychotherapist twice a week.
B. Derek feels attached to his psychotherapist who resembles his girlfriend.
C. Mandy is unhappy with her therapist who forgets her session dates.
D. Julia schedules her appointments with her therapist well in advance.

B. Derek feels attached to his psychotherapist who resembles his girlfriend.
Bruce is seeing a therapist for his depression but he is always late and has missed several appointments. He talks about sports and the weather to try and avoid facing his problems and he often becomes argumentative with his therapist. According to psychoanalytic theory, Bruce’s behavior is a classic example of

A. transference.
B. resistance.
C. projection.
D. catharsis.

B. resistance.
Dr. Patterson tries to create a warm supportive atmosphere to help her clients improve their self-concepts and to encourage insight into problems. Dr. Patterson says little to her depressed client. Instead, she waits for him to express his feelings and for him to decide what he wants to do about his problems. This emphasis on encouraging self-reflection indicates that Dr. Patterson is practicing

A. client-centered therapy.
B. behavior therapy.
C. systematic desensitization therapy.
D. cognitive therapy.

A. client-centered therapy.
Which of the following is a primary goal of humanistic therapists?

A. to change maladaptive behaviors
B. to encourage personal growth
C. to resolve unconscious conflicts
D. to focus on illness rather than self-fulfillment

B. to encourage personal growth
Humanistic therapies differ from psychodynamic therapies in that humanistic therapies emphasize

A. change of behavior rather than underlying thoughts.
B. unconscious thoughts rather than conscious thoughts.
C. the past rather than the present.
D. self-fulfillment rather than illness.

D. self-fulfillment rather than illness.
In the context of types of therapy, client-centered therapy follows a _____ approach.

A. symptom-oriented
B. nondirective
C. skill-development
D. insight-oriented

B. nondirective
Mary has been working with a therapist because she has felt very confused and unsure about herself for the past few years. Mary’s therapist tends to be very nondirective and devotes a great deal of the session to allowing Mary to explore her identity, wants, and dreams for the future. The therapist rarely gives direct advice and instead is primarily interested in helping Mary clarify her own ideas and feelings. Mary’s therapist is most likely associated with the _____ perspective of psychotherapy.

A. cognitive
B. behavioral
C. humanistic
D. biological

C. humanistic
Dr. Laura engages in reflective listening with Bill who suffers from depression. She waits for him to express his feelings and decide what he wants to do about his problems. According to this information, it can be inferred that Dr. Laura is practicing _____ therapy.

A. client-centered
B. cognitive-behavioral
C. classical conditioning
D. directive

A. client-centered
The therapeutic environment of client-centered therapy is likely to be characterized by

A. arousal and challenge.
B. structure and desensitization.
C. warmth and support.
D. analysis and reinforcement.

C. warmth and support.
Which of the following individuals is engaging in reflective speech?

A. Mary, who comforts Joel since he is extremely anxious about his results
B. Alan, who agrees with Gus that he is facing obstacles at work since he is frustrated with his boss
C. Horace, who tells his mother to quit her job at a departmental store because of her failing health
D. Gayle, who congratulates his colleague, Neil, for performing well in the project

B. Alan, who agrees with Gus that he is facing obstacles at work since he is frustrated with his boss
The primary premise of humanistic therapy is that

A. individuals possess the capacity to heal themselves.
B. irrational thought results in negative consequences.
C. the unconscious mind can affect conscious behavior.
D. abnormal behavior can be manipulated in therapy.

A. individuals possess the capacity to heal themselves.
“I have never been a good problem solver. I am not direct enough to be successful,” the client complained. “You do not see yourself as a direct problem solver?” responded the therapist. This conversation is an example of _____ and is typical of _____.

A. free association/client-centered therapy
B. transference/psychodynamic therapy
C. reflective speech/psychodynamic therapy
D. reflective speech/client-centered therapy

D. reflective speech/client-centered therapy
_____ are called insight therapies because they encourage self-awareness as the path to psychological health.

A. Cognitive and sociocultural therapies
B. Behavior and humanistic therapies
C. Psychodynamic and humanistic therapies
D. Psychodynamic and behavior therapies

C. Psychodynamic and humanistic therapies
The primary goal of behavior therapy is to

A. uncover unconscious conflicts.
B. gain self-awareness.
C. reduce or eliminate maladaptive behavior.
D. be sensitive to the cultural and contextual needs of the client.

C. reduce or eliminate maladaptive behavior.
Which of the following statements is true of behavior therapies?

A. They encourage self-awareness as the key to psychological health.
B. They offer action-oriented strategies to help people change underlying thoughts or emotions.
C. They lay emphasis on the person’s self-healing capacities.
D. They strive to eliminate individuals’ depressed symptoms or behaviors.

D. They strive to eliminate individuals’ depressed symptoms or behaviors.
Which of the following techniques should be most likely implemented by a behavioral therapist when a client has a fear of public speaking?

A. dream analysis
B. systematic desensitization
C. aversive conditioning
D. client-centered therapy

B. systematic desensitization
Jane is afraid of crowds. If her therapist uses systematic desensitization technique, Jane will be asked to

A. identify self-defeating thoughts.
B. expose her fear during group therapy.
C. stand alone in a room.
D. learn how to relax.

D. learn how to relax.
Systematic desensitization involves

A. exposing someone to a feared situation in a real or an imagined way.
B. repeated pairings of an undesirable behavior with aversive stimuli to decrease the behavior’s positive associations.
C. a technique in which the therapist mirrors the client’s own feelings back to the client.
D. using a gradual build-up of self-reflective speech.

A. exposing someone to a feared situation in a real or an imagined way.
Which of the following is a part of the process of systematic desensitization?

A. hypnosis
B. cognitive restructuring
C. deep relaxation
D. dream analysis

C. deep relaxation
Frank is seeing a therapist for his spider phobia. The therapist first teaches him muscle relaxation and then they develop a stimulus hierarchy. Frank is seeing a therapist who uses

A. flooding.
B. systematic desensitization.
C. psychoanalysis.
D. social skills training.

B. systematic desensitization.
All of the following are considered a form of behavior therapy EXCEPT

A. operant conditioning.
B. aversive conditioning.
C. systematic desensitization.
D. client-centered therapy.

D. client-centered therapy.
Aversive conditioning can be an effective treatment for

A. schizophrenia and panic disorder.
B. depression.
C. smoking, overeating, and drinking alcohol.
D. generalized anxiety disorder.

C. smoking, overeating, and drinking alcohol.
As part of a smoking-cessation program, Paul receives an injection of a nausea-inducing drug and then is asked to smoke a cigarette. Even though he knows he is receiving the drug, it is hoped that Paul will associate the nausea symptoms with smoking and will thus smoke less. This example best demonstrates the procedures typically used in

A. aversive conditioning.
B. client-centered therapy.
C. rational emotive therapy.
D. systematic desensitization.

A. aversive conditioning.
Which of the following individuals would benefit from systematic desensitization?

A. a person who is addicted to alcohol
B. a person who is suffering from severe depression
C. a person who has a phobia of closed spaces
D. a person who is suffering from schizophrenia

C. a person who has a phobia of closed spaces
If a therapist gives an alcoholic a drink laced with a nausea-inducing drug so that she or he will become ill after drinking the alcohol, the therapist is using

A. systematic desensitization.
B. aversive conditioning.
C. social-skills training.
D. an unethical procedure.

B. aversive conditioning.
Which of the following therapies represents the application of operant principles to psychological disorders?

A. systematic desensitization
B. flooding
C. applied behavior analysis
D. aversion therapy

C. applied behavior analysis
_____ therapies emphasize that thoughts are the main source of psychological problems, and they attempt to influence and change the feelings and behaviors by changing the thoughts.

A. Humanistic
B. Cognitive
C. Gestalt
D. Psychoanalytic

B. Cognitive
A therapist who uses cognitive restructuring believes that _____ are the causes of abnormal behavior.

A. parental relationships
B. maladaptive thoughts
C. chemical imbalances
D. childhood experiences

B. maladaptive thoughts
Judy thinks she is depressed over her teacher’s criticism of her paper. Judy’s therapist explains to her that Judy’s own illogical belief—that the criticism means she is stupid—is really why she is depressed. Judy is likely to be seeing a therapist who is providing _____therapy.

A. behavioral
B. Beck’s cognitive
C. humanistic
D. psychoanalytic

B. Beck’s cognitive
Beck’s cognitive therapy focuses on

A. illogical thoughts.
B. resistance.
C. positive reinforcement.
D. the relationship between therapist and client.

A. illogical thoughts.
Luanne is being treated for depression after a breakup with her boyfriend. Her therapist points out that her thoughts, and not the situation itself, cause her depression. Luanne’s therapist seems to practice _____ therapy.

A. psychodynamic
B. humanistic
C. client-centered
D. Beck’s cognitive

D. Beck’s cognitive
Decatastrophize technique in cognitive therapy involves

A. helping the client evaluate whether he is overestimating the nature of a situation.
B. helping the client distribute responsibility for events appropriately.
C. providing the client with ways of stopping a cascade of negative thoughts.
D. systematically examining the evidence for the client’s beliefs or assertions.

A. helping the client evaluate whether he is overestimating the nature of a situation.
Adrian is a cognitive therapist. He intends to help his client Troy, who feels that he is a born loser and will continue to be a loser in the future. According to this information, which of the following cognitive therapy techniques should be implemented by Adrian?

A. questioning the evidence
B. examining options and alternatives
C. examining advantages and disadvantages
D. guided association

C. examining advantages and disadvantages
A psychologist who practices cognitive therapy might try to help a patient who suffers from a major depressive disorder by

A. using systematic desensitization to replace depression with relaxation.
B. trying to get the patient to identify irrational and self-defeating thoughts.
C. analyzing unconscious conflicts from the patient’s past.
D. involving the patient in satisfying social activities.

B. trying to get the patient to identify irrational and self-defeating thoughts.
Which of the following is a cognitive therapy technique whereby clients rate their emotions in order to gain a perspective of their situation?

A. distraction
B. questioning the evidence
C. labeling of distortions
D. scaling

D. scaling
_____ is a technique in cognitive therapy.

A. Detriangulation
B. Reframing
C. Validation
D. Decatastrophize

D. Decatastrophize
Cindy’s therapist uses the technique of distraction to help her deal with anxiety and asks her to count to 200 by 13s when she feels herself becoming anxious. From this scenario, it can be inferred that Cindy’s therapist practices

A. psychodynamic therapy.
B. humanistic therapy.
C. behavioral therapy.
D. cognitive therapy.

D. cognitive therapy.
Which of the following is an important aspect of cognitive-behavior therapy?

A. self-efficacy
B. insight
C. self-awareness
D. cultural sensitivity

A. self-efficacy
Which of the following indicates the view of a humanistic therapist regarding the cause of psychological problems?

A. They occur as a result of transference between the therapist and the client.
B. They occur as a result of client’s functioning below the optimal level.
C. They occur as a result of learned inappropriate behaviors.
D. They occur as a result of irrational thoughts and beliefs.

B. They occur as a result of client’s functioning below the optimal level.
Tasha is seeing a therapist because she is depressed. Her therapist gives her examples of reinforcing self-statements and trains Tasha on self-instructional methods that allow her to modify her own behavior. Tasha’s therapist is most likely practicing

A. psychodynamic therapy.
B. humanistic therapy.
C. cognitive-behavior therapy.
D. family therapy.

C. cognitive-behavior therapy.
Carlos intends to help one of his clients who feels that he is a failure and is not capable of achieving anything in life. Which of the following cognitive therapies should be implemented by Carlos in this situation?

A. contingency approach
B. reflective speech
C. self-instructional technique
D. free-association technique

C. self-instructional technique
Dr. Guerrero uses different therapies based on the benefits they provide for her clients. Currently she is using a behavioral approach to treat an individual with panic disorder and a cognitive therapy approach to treat a client with major depressive disorder. Dr. Guerrero is practicing

A. psychoanalysis.
B. humanistic therapy.
C. biological therapy.
D. integrative therapy.

D. integrative therapy.
Integrative therapy is most compatible with the _____ model of abnormal behavior.

A. psychodynamic
B. humanistic
C. biopsychosocial
D. cognitive

C. biopsychosocial
Which of the following biomedical interventions for eliminating the symptoms of psychological disorders is used least often?

A. aversive conditioning
B. psychotherapy
C. psychosurgery
D. drug therapy

C. psychosurgery
Tranquilizers are _____ drugs.

A. antianxiety
B. antidepressant
C. antipsychotic
D. MAO inhibitor

A. antianxiety
Xanax, Valium, and Librium are benzodiazepines that are commonly used drug therapies for treating

A. mood disorders.
B. anxiety disorders.
C. schizophrenia.
D. dissociative disorders.

B. anxiety disorders.
Which of the following classes of drugs are NOT considered antidepressants?

A. tricyclics
B. monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
C. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
D. benzodiazepines

D. benzodiazepines
_____ treat depression by increasing the level of norepinephrine and serotonin.

A. Tricyclics
B. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
C. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
D. Benzodiazepines

A. Tricyclics
Derek is suffering from anxiety disorder and is currently under medication. According to this scenario, which of the following side effects will be experienced by Derek as a result of taking his medication?

A. tardive dyskinesia
B. metabolic syndrome
C. restlessness
D. drowsiness

D. drowsiness
Avril is suffering from major depressive disorder and has been administered the drug Elavil, a tricyclic drug. According to this information, which of the following side effects is she likely to experience as a result of the intake of this drug?

A. nervousness
B. increased appetite
C. memory difficulties
D. suicidal thoughts

C. memory difficulties
Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft are what type of antidepressant drugs?

A. tricyclics
B. monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
C. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
D. benzodiazepines

C. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
_____ inhibits the reuptake of both serotonin and norepinephrine and is also known as serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.

A. Prozac
B. Paxil
C. Zoloft
D. Effexor

D. Effexor
Elizabeth visited a psychiatrist who, after interviewing her, recommended either Paxil or Prozac. From this scenario, it can be inferred that Elizabeth is most likely suffering from

A. dyslexia.
B. depression.
C. amnesia.
D. psychosis.

B. depression.
In addition to providing treatment for depression, antidepressant drugs may also be an effective treatment for

A. schizophrenia.
B. anxiety disorders and eating disorders.
C. dissociative amnesia.
D. antisocial personality disorder.

B. anxiety disorders and eating disorders.
In the context of drug therapy, the widespread increase in the number of individuals taking selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to combat their depression is primarily due to the

A. lesser side effects as compared to other antidepressants.
B. lack of withdrawal symptoms upon stopping the use of these drugs.
C. misdiagnoses of depression among young people.
D. reduced costs of these drugs.

A. lesser side effects as compared to other antidepressants.
Lithium is commonly used to treat

A. panic attacks.
B. bipolar disorder.
C. schizophrenia.
D. major depression.

B. bipolar disorder.
By influencing norepinephrine and serotonin, lithium is thought to

A. cure insomnia.
B. cause drowsiness.
C. improve memory.
D. stabilize moods.

D. stabilize moods.
Antipsychotic drugs are used to treat

A. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B. major depressive disorder.
C. schizophrenia.
D. panic disorder.

C. schizophrenia.
Neuroleptic drugs _____.

A. are antianxiety drugs
B. reduce schizophrenic symptoms
C. are also called noradrenergic antidepressants
D. cure schizophrenia

B. reduce schizophrenic symptoms
Which of the following is true of neuroleptic drugs?

A. Neuroleptic drugs treat the causes of schizophrenia, not its symptoms.
B. Neuroleptic drugs have substantially increased the length of hospital stays for individuals with schizophrenia.
C. Neuroleptic drugs are widely used to treat bipolar disorder.
D. If an individual with schizophrenia stops taking neuroleptic drugs, the symptoms return.

D. If an individual with schizophrenia stops taking neuroleptic drugs, the symptoms return.
Clozapine is used to treat

A. Alzheimer’s disease.
B. anxiety disorder.
C. mood swings.
D. schizophrenia.

D. schizophrenia.
Which of the following is a class of antipsychotic drugs that is administered as a part of drug therapy?

A. tricyclics
B. neuroleptics
C. benzodiazepines
D. tetracyclics

B. neuroleptics
Chaz has been on antipsychotic medication for several weeks now. As a consequence, he is most likely to experience the side effect of

A. fatigue
B. loss of weight.
C. involuntary muscle movement.
D. excessive sleep.

C. involuntary muscle movement.
The potential side effect of neuroleptic drugs is _____, a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary random movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and mouth, as well as extensive twitching of the neck, arms, and legs.

A. insomnia
B. schizophrenia
C. tardive dyskinesia
D. transference

C. tardive dyskinesia
The goal of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is

A. to help people eliminate illogical thinking.
B. to help clients identify their own genuine feelings.
C. to reduce norepinephrine and serotonin levels.
D. to set off a seizure in the brain.

D. to set off a seizure in the brain.
The side effect of monoamine oxidase inhibitors prescribed for agoraphobia is

A. fatigue.
B. toxicity.
C. nausea.
D. drowsiness.

B. toxicity.
Which of the following class of drugs is used to treat agoraphobia?

A. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
B. neuroleptics
C. tetracyclic drugs
D. tricyclic drugs

D. tricyclic drugs
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment sometimes used for

A. dissociative identity disorder.
B. severe depression.
C. schizophrenia.
D. obsessive-compulsive disorder.

B. severe depression.
Ivan is very depressed, and the danger of suicide is eminent. He is not responding to the drugs normally employed to treat depression. Which of the following treatments is most likely to prove helpful in reducing Ivan’s depression and suicidal behavior?

A. a self-help group
B. electroconvulsive therapy
C. encounter groups
D. minor tranquilizers

B. electroconvulsive therapy
Gabriella has been diagnosed with depression and is currently under medication. Her doctor has prescribed her selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. According to this information, which of the following side effects will be experienced by Gabriella as a result of taking this medication?

A. nausea
B. toxicity
C. drowsiness
D. trembling

A. nausea
According to biological forms of therapy, when an individual is suffering from a severe episode of major depressive disorder, which of the following treatment approaches will be useful in reducing his symptoms in the short-run and provide rapid relief to the person’s mood?

A. psychoanalysis
B. electroconvulsive therapy
C. cognitive-behavioral therapy
D. rational-emotive therapy

B. electroconvulsive therapy
Who among the following is most suitable for electroconvulsive therapy?

A. Alan, who has obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. Frederic, who has generalized anxiety disorder
C. Brad, who is contemplating suicide
D. Byron, who suffers from insomnia

C. Brad, who is contemplating suicide
Which of the following is a biological intervention that involves the removal or destruction of brain tissue to improve an individual’s adjustment?

A. electroconvulsive therapy
B. psychotherapy
C. psychoanalysis
D. psychosurgery

D. psychosurgery
Which of the following statements about psychosurgery is FALSE?

A. Psychosurgery is a biological therapy that involves the removal or destruction of brain tissue to improve an individual’s adjustment.
B. A prefrontal lobotomy is a type of psychosurgery that involves severing fibers that connect the frontal lobe and the thalamus.
C. The effects of psychosurgery can be reversed with intensive therapy.
D. Present-day psychosurgery involves making just a small lesion in the amygdala or another part of the limbic system.

C. The effects of psychosurgery can be reversed with intensive therapy.
Which of the following forms of treatment would be used only as a last resort to help patients with severely debilitating conditions?

A. drug therapy
B. cognitive therapy
C. psychosurgery
D. psychoanalysis

C. psychosurgery
Which of the following features of group therapy helps individuals who share a psychological disorder observe that others feel anguish and suffering as well?

A. information
B. universality
C. altruism
D. interpersonal learning

B. universality
Which of the following is a characteristic of group therapy?

A. transference
B. altruism
C. self-efficacy
D. self-actualization

B. altruism
A major advantage to group therapy is that

A. clients have more opportunity to develop social skills.
B. clients can get more undivided attention from the therapist.
C. the therapist has less work to do because the clients do most of the work.
D. it is better suited to clients with severe problems.

A. clients have more opportunity to develop social skills.
Dr. Susan is your family therapist. She believes that to adequately understand psychological problems, she must understand the role that you play in the family system. Which of these statements supports that underlying belief?

A. Older siblings are usually relied upon to provide therapeutic solutions.
B. The individual must be cured before the remainder of the family is infected.
C. The psychological symptoms of a person are a function of the family relationship.
D. Mothers and fathers are the cause of almost every psychological problem.

C. The psychological symptoms of a person are a function of the family relationship.
Among the techniques used in family therapy, validation involves

A. the therapist finding something positive to say to each family member.
B. the therapist helping families reframe problems as family problems.
C. the therapist helping families reframe problems as an individual’s problems.
D. the therapist trying to restructure the coalitions in a family.

A. the therapist finding something positive to say to each family member.
Taylor is a family therapist who intends to resolve a mother-child coalition that has formed in the case of her client Hannah, since Hannah’s husband does not spend quality time with them. According to this information, it can be inferred that Taylor is likely to implement the _____ technique.

A. guided association
B. desensitization
C. structural change
D. reattribution

C. structural change
Elizabeth, a family therapist, tells Roy’s family that his problem of cocaine addiction is related to the dynamics that exists within their family. According to this information, it can be inferred that Elizabeth practices the _____ technique.

A. client-centered
B. structural change
C. reframing
D. scaling

C. reframing
Which of the following is a technique that is used in family therapy?

A. scaling
B. guided Association
C. structural change
D. reattribution

C. structural change
In the context of family therapy, getting the family to acknowledge that the problem is a family problem and not just the problem of one individual is known as

A. validation.
B. reframing.
C. structural change.
D. detriangulation.

B. reframing.
Validation, reframing, structural change, and detriangulation are techniques most commonly used in

A. psychoanalysis.
B. cognitive therapy.
C. family therapy.
D. behavioral therapy.

C. family therapy.
One aspect of family therapy is the idea that a family member’s symptoms are a function of the family relationships. If, for example, a teenage son is the scapegoat of the parents, which family-therapy technique would be the most appropriate to use?

A. validation
B. reframing
C. structural change
D. detriangulation

D. detriangulation
Which of the following is a goal of couples therapy?

A. to improve the communication between the partners
B. to facilitate better sexual relations
C. to decrease the number of rules set for each of the partners
D. to increase the amount of warmth between the partners

A. to improve the communication between the partners
Which of the following forms of treatment relies on paraprofessionals?

A. family therapy
B. couples therapy
C. self-help support groups
D. humanistic therapy

C. self-help support groups
Which of the following is true of self-help support groups?

A. Self-help support groups are conducted by a professional therapist.
B. Self-help support groups specialize in family therapy.
C. Self-help support groups are beneficial only to high-income groups as they are relatively expensive.
D. Self-help support groups provide members with a sympathetic audience for social sharing and emotional release.

D. Self-help support groups provide members with a sympathetic audience for social sharing and emotional release.
John, an alcoholic, does not have much money, but requires the help of a mental-health professional. He might best be served by contacting a

A. board-certified psychiatrist.
B. self-help support group.
C. humanistic therapist.
D. counseling psychologist.

B. self-help support group.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is based on which of the following therapeutic approaches?

A. family therapy
B. self-help group
C. rational-emotive therapy
D. cognitive-behavioral therapy

B. self-help group
Community mental health programs seek to help people who are disenfranchised from society to lead happier, more productive lives through the concept of

A. unconditional positive regard.
B. empowerment.
C. transference.
D. cognitive-restructuring.

B. empowerment.
In the context of community mental-health movement, deinstitutionalization involves

A. releasing individuals with mental disorders from prison.
B. requiring individuals with mental disorders to participate in community service.
C. transferring individuals with psychological disorders from mental institutions to community-based facilities.
D. transferring individuals with mental disorders from the community to psychiatry-based facilities.

C. transferring individuals with psychological disorders from mental institutions to community-based facilities.
Given that collectivist cultures place more importance on the group than on the individual, some psychologists have suggested that _____ is likely to be more effective with people from Asian and Latino cultures.

A. psychoanalysis
B. humanistic therapy
C. family therapy
D. cognitive therapy

C. family therapy
Researchers have found that when there is an ethnic match between the therapist and the client and when ethnic-specific services are provided,
A. clients are more likely to drop out of therapy early.
B. clients have better treatment outcomes.
C. treatment outcomes are the same as when there is no ethnic match.
B. clients have better treatment outcomes.