King Cotton Survived The Civil War And Expanded Over New Acreage

APUSH Unit 5 (19-22)

The major prophet of the New South gospel was:Henry W. Grady
The New South gospel emphasized all the following EXCEPT:women’s rights
The Pittsburgh of the South, so named because it was an iron center, was:Birmingham, Alabama
King Cotton survived the Civil War and expanded over new acreage:even as its export markets leveled off
The postwar South suffered from an acute shortage of:capital
Who was the first president of the National Association of Colored Women?Mary Church Terrell
The first great cowtown was:Abilene, Kansas
Perhaps the ultimate paradox of the Bourbons’ rule was that their paragons of white supremacy tolerated:a lingering black voice in politics
The Mississippi plan of disenfranchisement included all the following EXCEPT a:provision disqualifying anyone who owned less than $300 in personal property
In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court:upheld a Louisiana segregation law
Booker T. Washington:founded the Tuskegee Institute
Who said, “In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the five fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress”?Booker T. Washington
Benjamin Singleton:was an early promoter of black migration to the West
The Comstock Lode was:in Nevada
Six states were created from the western territories in the years 1889-1890. These states were not admitted before 1889 because:Democrats in Congress were reluctant to create states out of territories that were heavily Republican
Following the 1867 “Report on the Condition of the Indian Tribes,” Congress decided that the best way to end the Indian Wars was:to persuade the Indians to live on out-of-the-way reservations
In the Battle of Little Bighorn:some 2,500 Indians annihilated a detachment of 210 soldiers
The Dawes Severalty Act:sought to “Americanize” Indians by dealing with them as individuals
Which of the following statements about the cowboys’ frontier is NOT true?With two or three notable exceptions, blacks were not allowed to be cowboys.
A Century of Dishonor:focused the nation’s attention on the Indian cause
The Newlands Reclamation Act of 1901:provided funds for irrigation works
The fight for survival in the trans-Mississippi West made men and women:more equal partners than were their eastern counterparts
According to the superintendent of the census, the frontier line no longer existed after:1890
In the late 1800s, the South experienced major increases in the production of all but one of the following:automobiles
Under Bourbon rule in the South, state spending for public education:dramatically declined
Ida B. Wells became famous for:leading a campaign against lynching
Buffalo soldiers were:black soldiers who served in the West
The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination was the:Sioux
Cattle drives:were largely over by 1886
Much of the development of the western plains has been shaped by its:aridity
The historian Frederick Jackson Turner argued that:the frontier shaped America’s national character
Between 1896 and 1915, southern states adopted this to gain complete control of elections and to further disenfranchise blacks:Democratic primaries
In the landmark case Woodruff v. North Bloomfield Gravel Mining Company:the judge ruled on the legality of dumping mining debris in water sources
This export crop spurred growth in agriculture in the late nineteenth century:wheat
Cattlemen rationalized violence against sheepherders because:they saw sheepherder ethnicity or religious beliefs as inferior
Congress passed the Homestead Act:during the Civil War
In much of the nineteenth century, women in Texas could:work outside the home
The Burke Act of 1906:made it possible for Indians living apart from tribes to gain citizenship
Who said that the tobacco industry was “half smoke and half ballyhoo”?Buck Duke
In 1877, President Rutherford Hayes addressed the American approach to dealing with Native Americans, saying:“Indian wars have had their origin in broken promises and acts of injustice on our part”
The case of Plessy v. Ferguson involved a challenge to segregation laws that applied topassenger trains
Exodusters wereblack Southerners who moved West
Chief Josephwas the peaceful and dignified leader of the Nez Perce Indians
Joseph Gliddenperfected the invention of barbed wire
From the end of the Civil War to the turn of the century:the value of manufactures increased sixfold
A transcontinental railroad was not built before the Civil War because:North-South sectional differences prevented Congress from selecting a route
The first transcontinental railroad:was built by the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroads
Who initially backed the Edison Electric Illuminating Company?J.P. Morgan
The Pennsylvania oil rush:outweighed, in economic importance, the California gold rush of a decade before
Which of the following best accounts for the success of Standard Oil?Its corporate structure-known as vertical integration-allowed the company to grow tremendously.
Andrew Carnegie:made money in many areas, including oil, railroads, iron and steel, and bridge building
What industry was “the first big business, the first magnet for the great financial markets, and the first industry to develop a large-scale management bureaucracy?Railroads
When it came to steel, Andrew Carnegie did all of the following EXCEPT:have technical expertise in it
The first billion-dollar corporation was:United States Steel
During the Gilded Age, the rich were getting richer and:a lot of other people were at least better off
The Molly Maguires:aimed to right the perceived wrongs against Irish coal workers
The Workingmens party of California:was based on anti-Chinese sentiment
The National Labor Union:persuaded Congress to enact an eight-hour workday
The Knights of Labor declined for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:Uriah S. Stephens, its president, died in 1879
The Haymarket affair:was blamed, probably unfairly,on seven anarchist leaders
The American Federation of Labor:was concerned more with concrete economic gains than with social or political reforms
The Homestead strike:took place in Pennsylvania
The Pullman strike ended:after mail cars were attached to Pullman cars
Daniel De Leon:was the leading figure in the Socialist Labor party
Which of the following statements about the Socialist party of America is not true?Its support was confined to industrial workers in the Northeast.
William D. “Big Bill” Haywood:was the leader of the Industrial Workers of the World
Most of the single men who endured low wages and dangerous conditions to build the Central Pacific Railroad were:Chinese
Jay Gould was:the most notorious of the railroad “robber barons”
John D. Rockefeller:became a leading philanthropist
Sears, Roebuck and Company was a pioneer in:selling goods by mail
For industrial workers in Gilded Age America:working and living conditions remained precarious
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 ws provoked by:wage cuts that followed a depression
Violence erupted at the Homestead Works in 1892 when:Henry Frick tried to break a strike by bringing in Pinkertons
President Grover Cleveland’s response to the Pullman strike was to:send federal troops to keep the trains running
The state that gave the highest prcentage vote to the Socialist presidential candidate in 1912 was:Oklahoma
The IWW was effectively destroyed when it:opposed American involvement in World War 1
After her family died, Mother Jones moved to ________.Chicago
Credit Mobilier was:a construction company that overcharged the railroads
The work of Cornelius Vanderbilt helps emphasize that:business consolidation put the control of railroads in few hands
Nikola Tesla’s invention of the alternating-current motor did all of the following EXCEPT:made it possible for Edison to defeat Westinghouse
Marxism, one strain of socialism, was imported to the United States mainly by:Germans
Unlike Rockefeller and Carnegie, J. Pierpont Morgan:was born to wealth
Joe Hill, the labor organizer, was NOT:buried in the Kremlin wall
The Pinkertons were ______ who were often used to __________.“detectives” and security guards; control workers
Federal and state government leaders after the Civil War actively encouraged the growth of business by doing all of the following EXCEPTproviding prison labor to railroad companies
The Knights of Laborsought for men and women to have equal pay
The greatest growth of the Knights of Labor took placein the mid-1880s, when the union had several successful strikes against the railroads
Thomas Alva Edison invented thefirst successful incandescent light bulb
Holding companiesare firms that control the stock of other companies
Mary “Mother Jones” Harris promoted all of the following causes except:temperance
Which of the following best captures public sentiment about the Great Railroad Strike of 1877?Public opinion shifted from sympathy to condemnation as people blamed the strikers for looting and violence
Tension between labor and management in the late nineteenth century:helped generate interest in the doctrine of anarchism
The Knights of Labor:sought to organize all types of workers
Membership in the American Federation of Labor at firstgrew slowly
For the first time, more than half of America’s population lived in urban areas after:1920
Which area had the greatest proportion of people living in cities?the Pacific coast
Frederick Law Olmstedplanned New York’s Central Park
Urban political bossesoften were the biggest source of assistance for city dwellers
After 1890 most immigrants wereJews and Catholics
Ellis Island:is correctly represented by all the above statements
Ellis Island was located right outside the port of:New York City
After William James, the chief philosopher of pragmatism wasJohn Dewey
Nativism led to:a movement to exclude illiterates
The exclusion of Chinese immigrantswas first authorized with a ten-year suspension
Herbert Spencer:coined the phrase “survival of the fittest.”
In New York City, the “dumbbell” tenement houses:were often fire hazards
Vaudeville providedvariety shows for men, women, and children
All of the following forms of public entertainment were accessible to women except:saloons
How did the institutional churches respond in the late nineteenth century to the mounting social concerns in America?slowly
Women’s access to higher educationimproved shortly after the Civil War
The sport that was clearly the “national pastime” by 1900 wasbaseball.
Mark Twainwas the first great writer from west of the Appalachians
A strict Social Darwinist would object to all the following except:a governmental policy of laissez-faire toward business
Advocates of the social gospelbelieved Christians should love their neighbors and address social problems
The main idea of Reform Darwinism was that:cooperation, not competition, would better promote progress
The author of Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking was:William James
Settlement house workers, insofar as they were paid, made up:but a fraction of all gainfully employed women
The poor were helped by:urban machines
Frank Norris, Stephen Crane, and Jack London belonged to a literary movement called:naturalism.
The author of Sister Carrie wasTheodore Dreiser.
Progress and Poverty argued thatnobody had the right to the value accrued from the land
Thorstein Veblen:wrote about “conspicuous consumption” and “conspicuous leisure.”
The New York Consumers League:sought to make the public aware of degrading labor conditions
One of the earliest leaders of the social gospel movement wasWashington Gladden
Saloons were especially popular among:male immigrants
Chicago’s Hull House was designed to assistslum dwellers.
In 1869 the women’s movement split on the issue of:whether or not the movement should concentrate on female suffrage to the exclusion of other feminist causes.
Which of the following statements best describes the status of women’s suffrage in the early twentieth century?Several states, all in the West, had adopted women’s suffrage
In Horatio Alger’s books, the hero is successful primarily as a result of hishard work and luck
City bosses and urban political machines in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth centuries did which of the following?They provided some welfare for poor immigrants in exchange for political support
“Every contract, combination in form of trust or otherwise… is hereby declared illegal.” The passage above was most effectively used for which purpose in the late 19th century?restricting the power of monopolies and trusts
Settlement houseworkers of the late nineteenth century would most likely have engaged in all of the following EXCEPTorganizing women workers into labor unions
Jacob Rii’s principal involvement in the reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was his effort topublicize poor housing and sanitation in urban tenements
The major goal of the Social Gospel movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was todraw the attention of protestant churches to the plight of the urban poor
Most of the people who moved to the Pacific coast and elsewhere in the American West livedin urban areas
Ellis Islandwas used mainly to process new immigrants, not to comfort or assist them
The exclusion of Chinese immigrants:originally called for a ten-year term
An early leader of the social gospel movement was:Washington Gladden
Thorstein Veblen coined the phrase“Conspicuous consumption”
Stephen Crane and Jack London belonged to a literary movement called:naturalism
The first states to adopt women’s suffrage werein the mountain west
The spread of public education between the 1880s and 1900s reflected the desire:to Americanize Indian children
After the Civil War, the _____ system became the basis for the modern American universityGerman
Cholera, typhoid, and yellow fever are all:water-related diseases
The Famers’ Alliance:helped establish the Populist Party
William “Boss” Tweed controlled:Tammany Hall
The “subtreasury plan”:allowed farmers to secure low-interest government loans
“You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!” This statement was made by:William Jennings Bryan
The Interstate Commerce Commissionwas created to regulate railroads
Which of the following would most likely have been a Gilded Age Democrat?an Irish Immigrant
Which of the following groups did NOT support increased coinage of silverRepublicans
The Pendleton Civil Service Act:provided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive exams
Which of the following would most likely have been a Gilded Age Republicana prohibitionist
In the presidential election of 1896, all of the following may be applied to William Jennings Bryan EXCEPT:won after gaining the support of Theodore Roosevelt
As president, Chester Arthur proved to be:surprisingly competent and independent
The one issue on which there were clear-cut divisions between Democrats and Republicans in the Gilded Age was:the tariff
The Stalwarts:were led by Roscoe Conkling
People living during the Gilded Age expected what type of support from the federal government?very little
Grover Cleveland:had a strictly limited view of government’s role
When Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner labeled the post-Civil War era the “Gilded Age,” they implied that it was characterized by:widespread greed and corruption
In the presidential election of 1892, the Populist candidate:won twenty-two electoral votes
Chester A. Arthurwas connected with the New York Customhouse corruption before he became president
All the following were included in the 1892 Omaha platform of the People’s party EXCEPT:halting the free and unlimited courage of silver
In the depression of 1893, unemployment hovered around:20 percent
Which of the following best describes Rutherford B. Hayes and civil service reform?Hayes was unable to get civil service legislation through Congress, but he set up his own rules for merit appointments
The Civil Service Reform billprovided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive exams
A reference in the 1884 presidential campaign to “Rum, Romanism, and rebellion”was especially offensive to Irish Americans, may have cost the Republicans the race, was attributed to a Protestant minister
Grover Clevelandwas the first Democrat elected to the White House since the Civil War
Grover Cleveland showed political courage when he vetoed legislation favored byUnion veterans
One major argument Cleveland made for reducing tariffs was thatthe federal government had a surplus of revenue
Benjamin Harrison was elected presidentalthough he received fewer popular votes than the loser, Grover Cleveland
During the first two years of President Benjamin Harrison’s termCongress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the pension roles of Union veterans greatly increased, Republicans controlled both the White House and Congress
Following the 1893 depression, Coxey’s armydemanded government jobs for the unemployed
In the presidential election of 1896, William Jennings Bryanall of the above statements
The so called crime of ’73 referred tothe congressional decision to drop the provision for the coinage of silver
The “mongrel tariff” of 1883:Was called the mongrel tariff because it called for different rates for different commodities
Who said, “I am now in my last year of the Presidency… And look forward to its close as a schoolboy longs for the coming vacation”?Rutherford B. Hayes
Passage of the Granger lawsLaid a foundation for stronger legislation to follow
The independent National party:Was more commonly known as the greenback party
The McKinley Tariff of 1890raised duties on manufactured goods
The Mulligan letters tied former Speaker of the House James Blaine to:the bribes of rich railroad barons
In the election of 1896, who found it easier to identify with McKinley’s “full dinner pail” pledge than with Bryan’s free-silver panaceaurban wage laborers
All of the following contributed to the expansion of US industrialism in the late 19th century EXCEPT:the demise of the capitalist class as a political force
Which of the following was not an objective of the populists?preventing the government from owning and operating the railroad
Proponents of the New South believed that the South shouldindustrialize
Why did tenant farmers have no incentive to take care of the farmland that they were on?It was not their land
A prominent leader in promoting the settlement house movement wasJane Addams
From the Civil War to the turn of the century:the value of manufacturing increased sixfold
After the Civil War, the crop-lien system further impoverished farmers, both black and white, byrequiring them to mortgage their crops to local merchants who furnished necessary supplies
The lynching of blacks in the Southincreased at about the same that Jim Crow laws spread throughout the south
Between 1887 and 1897, the efforts by state and territorial governments to protect workers were thwarted by:pro-business conservative judges
In the novel, Progress and Poverty, which of the following authors prescribed a socialistic “single-tax” strategy on land to address the disparity of wealth between factory owners and workers?Henry George
By 1890, all of the following led to inflation of the currency EXCEPT:the Sherman Silver Purchase Act
The Farmers’ Allianceshelped establish the Populist Party
In 1890, NYC had twice as many Irish asDublin
Which of the following was considered a radical trade union?Industrial Workers of the World
Wounded Knee was significant becauseit marked the end of Indian resistance on the Great Plains
The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 was passed in order tobreak up Native American tribes by offering them lands out west