Red Tape Ap Gov

Ap gov. bureaucracy

2004 Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Actenacted December 17, 2004, also known as the IRTPA, is a 236-page Act of Congress that broadly affects US federal terrorism laws.
accountabilitythe concept that government officials are responsible to and serve at the pleasure of constituents or elected officials (and that they may be removed from office by those electors or officials)
appropriationsMoney granted by Congress or to a state legislature for a specific purpose
authorizationsthe granting of legal authority to operate federal programs and agencies
bureaucratic pathologiesRed Tape, Conflict, Duplication, unchecked growth, waste, and lack of accountability
bureaucracysystem of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
Civil Service Commissiongovernment agency created by the Pendleton Act of 1883 to fill federal jobs on the basis of merit
discretionary authoritythe extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses of action and make policies that are not spelled out in advance by laws
duplicationA bureaucratic pathology in which two government agencies seem to be doing the same thing.
government corporationsA government organization that, like business corporations, provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services. The U.S. Postal Service is an example.
GS ratinga schedule for federal employees, ranging from 1 to 18, by which salaries can be keyed to rating and experience.
Hatch actA federal law prohibiting government employees from active participation in partisan politics.
independent executive agenciesa federal agency not part of a cabinet department, but reports directly to the president; have a single function
independent regulatory agenciesFederal regulatory agencies that are independent, thus not fully under the power of the president. Ex. Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission.
iron trianglean informal association of federal agency, congressional committee, and interest group that is said to have heavy influence over policy making.
issue networkRelationships among interest groups, congressional committees and subcommittees, and the government agencies that share a common policy concern.
Max WeberBureaucracy is a highly effective means of organizing large numbers of people (a necessary evil). A group that is rational in achieving its goal efficiently.
merit principlethe idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to produce administration by people with talent and skill.
Merit Systems Protection BoardAn independent agency that oversees and protects merit in the federal government personnel system
Munn v Ohioupheld the right of the government to regulate businesses, upheld the rights of the state of Illinois to regulate the charges and services of a Chicago warehouse
Office of Personnel ManagementThe office in charge of hiring for most agencies of the federal government, using elaborate rules in the process.
patronagegranting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Pendleton Act1883 law that created a Civil Service Commission and stated that federal employees could not be required to contribute to campaign funds nor be fired for political reasons
red tapeComplex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
spoils systemthe system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power