Refugees Migrate Primarily Because Of Which Type Of Push Factor

AP Human Geography Chapter 3

The ability to move from one location to another is:
A) variable migrations
B) voluntary migration
C) mobility
D) net migration
E) migration
C
Refugees migrate primarily because of which type of push factor?
A) economic
B) circulation
C) environmental
D) cultural
E) all of the above
D
Wilbur Zelinsky’s model of migration predicted:
A) intraregional migration is more important than interregional
B) women are more likely to migrate than men
C) migrants move most frequently for economic reasons
D) long migration distances are more likely that short
E) migration characteristics vary with the demographic transition
E
Which of the following event would be considered a migration pull factor?
A) civil war
B) failed harvest
C) opening of a new factory
D) revolutionary takeover of a government
E) flooding of a river
C
A permanent move to a new location is:
A) mobility
B) net in-migration
C) migration
D) net out-migration
E) net miration
C
A country has net in-migration if emigration __ immigration.
A) exceeds
B) is closer to net migration than
C) is less than
D) varies more than
E) equals
C
The migration transition model predicts that international migration reaches a peak at __ of the demographic transition.
A) stage 4
B) stage 1
C) stage 3
D) stage 2
D
According to the U.S. Committee for Refugees, the largest groups of international refugees are:
A) Vietnamese, Indian and Indonesian
B) Ethiopian, Nicaraguan, and Somalian
C) Sudanese, South African and Colombian
D) Mexican, Pakistani, and Colombian
E) Palestinian, Iraqi and Afgan
E
Several million Irish migrated in the 1840’s primarily because:
A) poor environmental conditions induced them to migrate
B) the English forced them to become refugees
C) Spanish invasion threatened their homes
D) disastrous economic conditions pushed them out of them out of the country
E) they were attracted to the United States
D
Many Argentinians who fled the country in the 1970’s, when the country was ruled by a military regime, returned to the country after democratic elections were held in 1983. This is an example of:
A) emigration changing to immigration
B) a push factor changing to a pull factor
C) an economic migration factor changing to an environmental migration factor
D) a pull factor changing to a push factor
E) forced migration changing to voluntary migration
B
The most important pull factor for migrants to North America today is:
A) forced
B) geomagnetic
C) environmental
D) economic
E) cultural
D
Many of the first Europeans to settle in Australia migrated to serve jail sentences which is the combination of which push and pull factors?
A) environmental push, cultural pull
B) cultural push, environmental pull
C) economic push, cultural pull
D) economic push, environmental pull
E) environmental push, economic pull
B
People are forced to migrate primarily because of which factor?
A) international
B) mobility
C) environmental
D) cultural
E) economic
D
A physical feature, such as a body of water, which hinders migration is an example of:
A) forced migration
B) a cultural pull factor
C) an environmental incentive
D) an environmental push factor
E) an intervening obstacle
E
Most migrants to the United States during the peak of the late nineteenth century came from which part of Europe?
A) north and east
B) north and west
C) south and east
D) central
E) south and west
B
The greatest total number of foreign-born residents can be found in:
A) China
B) ‘Murica
C) Germany
D) Australia
B
The highest rates of immigration are to:
A) The United States
B) Mexico and Latin America
C) Europe
D) Some middle-eastern countries
D
Most migrants to the United States during the peak of the 1840’s and 1850’s came from which part of Europe?
A) Norway and England
B) Spain and Portugal
C) Ireland and Germany
D) Russia and Bulgaria
E) Italy and Poland
C
The most popular destination for voluntary migrants from Great Britain has been:
A) South Asia
B) North America
C) Asia
D) Australia
E) South America
B
Why has Russia’s program to attract migrants faced difficulty in recent years?
A) Migrants don’t want to move to a place with low population growth like Russia.
B) They are targeting ethnic Russians who speak Russian and most are not interested
C) Russia has net-out migration because of rapid population growth
D) The program places people in small cities with long, cold, and dark winters
B
Which factor most often causes a voluntary migration?
A) economic
B) environmental
C) cultural
D) regional conflicts
E) international
A
Most migrants to the United States during the early twentieth century came from which part of Europe?
A) central
B) north and west
C) south and west
D) north and east
E) south and east
E
Recent immigrants to the United States:
A) are nearly evenly distributed among all states
B) are distributed evenly along the southern U.S. border and the east and west coasts
C) are concentrated in a few states according to economic prospects and migrant’s country of origin
D) are concentrated in Texas, California, and Illinois
C
The largest numbers of recent immigrants to the U.S. are:
A) political refugees
B) guest workers
C) relatives of U.S. residents
D) talented professionals
E) illegal immigrants
C
Ellis Island
A) is still in use today as an immigration gateway to the U.S.
B) was the subject of a territorial dispute between N.Y. and N.J.
C) is not truly and island because it is joined to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
D) was originally claimed by France but given to the U.S. along with the Statue of Liberty
B
The U.S. has received the lowest number of refugees from which of these countries?
A) Vietnam
B) Cuba
C) Haiti
D) Ethiopia
D
Many of the refugees from Vietnam became known as the
A) Viet Cong
B) boat people
C) Communists
D) Hindus
E) segregationists
B
Most guest workers head for which part of Europe?
A) south and east
B) south and west
C) north and west
D) central
E) north and east
C
Most European guest workers come from which part of Europe
A) central
B) north and east
C) south and west
D) south and east
E) north and west
D
Guest workers in Europe and the Middle East are
A) technical specialists invited as consultants
B) illegal immigrants
C) muslims
D) low-status foreigners
E) southern Europeans
D
Most Asians are currently migrating to the U.S. through the process of
A) global relocation
B) expansion diffusion
C) illegal immigration
D) brain drain
E) chain migration
E
Brain drain is:
A) a cultural feature that hinders migration
B) the process by which people are given reference for migration
C) the large-scale emigration of talented people
D) people forced to migrate for political reasons
E) a net decline in literacy
C
U.S. quota laws from the 1920s until the 1960s had the effect of
A) ensuring the majority of migrants continued to be from Europe
B) virtually ending immigration
C) indirectly causing two world wars
D) dramatically increasing immigration from around the world
E) increasing the possibility of migration from regions previously prohibited
A
Norwegians were most likely to immigrate to the U.S.
A) during the 1880s and 1890s
B) during the 1840s and 1850s
C) prior to 1840
D) between 1900 and 1915
E) during the U.S. Civil War
A
Which statement most accurately describes the motivations of the historic European and curect Latin American immigrants to the U.S?
A) Both were and are motivated by famine in their home country
B) both were and are motivated primarily by economic factors
C) Migrants from Europe mostly spoke English while migrants from Latin American mostly speak Spanish
D) Both were and are motivated by a desire to jion family members already in the U.S.
E) Migrants from Europe were fleeing religious persecution while migrants from Latin America are motivated by econmic factors
B
Europeans migrated to the United States primarily because of:
A) religious freedom in the United States as European countries oppressed their citizens
B) discoveries of gold in California and Alaska
C) decreased political stability as European countries were wracked by revolutions
D) decreased economic opportunities as European countries experienced rapid population growth
D
The largest number of legal immigrants to the United States come from what country?
A) Cuba
B) Dominican Republic
C) South Korea
D) Mexico
E) The Philippines
D
Migration to the U.S. increased from Europe after 1800 in part because of:
A) expanded economic opportunities during the Industrial Revolution
B) rapid increase in the crude death rate
C) plague and famine
D) deteriorating public health, medicine, and food supply
E) higher natural increase rates
E
According to the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act, undocumented immigrants were:
A) no longer eligible for public services in the U.S.
B) increasingly deported if caught
C) permitted to become legal residents
D) established as guest workers
E) encouraged to remain because of shortages of workers
C
The destination for most undocumented immigrants entering Mexico is:
A) work in Pacific coast resorts
B) Mexico city
C) the U.S. border
D) work on fruit plantations
E) work in factories in northern Mexico
C
The largest number of undocumented immigrants to the U.S. come from what country?
A) South Korea
B) Mexico
C) Cuba
D) Dominican Republic
E) the Philippines
B
Mexico’s immigration policy:
A) is opposed to Mexicans migrating to the U.S. because they otherwise would contribute to the economy at home
B) attempts to prevent any money from leaving the country
C) is complicated because Mexico favors migration to the U.S. but opposes migration from its south
D) welcomes migrants from other country
C
The largest level of interregional migration in the U.S. was caused by the
A) immigration of Asians beginning in the early twentieth century
B) opening up of the western territories
C) illegal immigration from Latin America
D) industrial development in the northeast
E) arrival of Europeans beginning in the 1600s
B
The U.S. center of population has moved steadily to the:
A) west
B) east
C) south
D) center
E) north
A
The most prominent type of intraregional migration in the world is:
A) rural to urban
B) north to south
C) region to region
D) city to city
E) urban to rural
A
An example of a government limiting migration is:
A) Bangladesh
B) Norway
C) the U.K.
D) the State of Assam
D
The Brazilian government encouraged interregional migration by:
A) dictating optimal locations for factories
B) moving the capital to Brasilia
C) clearing the rain forest for agricultural activities in the interior
D) making Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo more attractive
E) industrial development on the Atlantic coast
B
Which is a current intraregional migration trend in the U.S.?
A) net emigration from the northeast
B) metropolitan to nonmetropolitan
C) urban to suburban
D) rural to urban
E) all of the above
C
Counterurbanization is:
A) the trend of the elderly retiring to rural locations
B) due to expanding suburbs
C) decline of the inner-city infastructure
D) the move from urban core to suburban areas
E) migration to rural areas and small towns
E
In the U.S., which is likely to cause virtually all population growth in the next few decades?
A) net in-migration
B) urban expansions
C) crude birth rate
D) declining death rate
E) natural increase rate
A
List the tree types of migration push and pull factors.Cultural, environmental, and economic
Which of the three migration factors has been the most important pull factor for immigration to the U.S.?economic
Name one of the two countries which sent 75% of all immigrants to the U.S. during the 1840’s.Germany and Ireland